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视听说教程第二册课文录音文本 Unit 8  

2016-05-16 23:31:51|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 8 Money matters

Listening to the world

Sharing

Scripts

P = Pasha; W1 = Woman 1, etc.; M1 = Man 1, etc.

Part 1

P: Hello. My name is Pasha. I work for the BBC and I do a lot of DJing in my spare time. Originally, I come from Moscow, but most of my family lives in New York now. Today I’m talking to people about their families. Tell me about your family.

Part 2

W1: I have a very large family. I live with my mother and my stepfather in Brighton in England. I have six brothers and sisters, of which I’m the eldest and I have a lot of responsibility ... to look after them.

W2: I live with my mom and my sister and my dad. My sister is 15 years old, and we’re really close. We’re a happy little family.

M1: I have quite a small family. Er … I only have one sister. She’s two years younger than me, er, and then there’s (there’re) my parents who live very close to me. All of my grandparents have died, sadly.

W3: I’m the middle child. I have an older brother and a younger brother er, and my parents are still together. Um, I get on with them brilliantly – they’re a great family.

M2: My dad’s Mexican and my mom is from London. Um and they, my mom met my dad in Mexico, they moved over to England 25 years ago. And I’ve got a sister who’s two years older than me.

M3: Well, my family lives in Canada, in Toronto, Canada. I have a mother and (a) sister, er, my father passed away about 20 years ago, so it’s just the three of us. Somewhat of a small family.

Part 3

P: In what ways are you like your parents or siblings?

W1: I look a lot like my mom. We have, like, the same height and build and face structure. And, I guess I have the same traits as her. We, sort of, have a very similar personality in the way we think about things, (and) the way we express ourselves.

M1: I don’t think I’m very much like my sister; I think she’s very different from me. I think I’m similar to my father: We both have a, a mathematical, “science type” mind, um … and I like to think I’m conscientious like my mother.

W2: I look quite a lot like my sister. But she’s like a younger version of me. And she’s thinner. And then, my mom, she’s a bit more er, reserved, so she’s very organized and my dad is a lot louder, a lot more enthusiastic.

M2: Um, I’m quite calm like my dad, and, but can get quite, um, I think, maybe passionate like my mom.

W3: I’m not very like my brothers. Um, they are very similar to each other, but I’m quite different. I’m … they’re more like my mom. I’m more like my dad.

Part 4

P: What do you know about your family history?

W2: Well, my name’s Brogan, and it’s supposed to be Scottish or Irish, but I have no idea where it’s really from.

M1: My family history goes quite, goes quite a long way back on my father’s side, um, certainly about four or five hundred years. He’s Scottish – so he’s from southwest Scotland – very close to Ireland. My mother was adopted. Um, she and her twin sister were adopted and we’ve only managed to go back one generation to the northwest of England.

M3: I actually er, started to retrace my family roots er, last year, so I went to Northern Ireland, to Belfast, and actually found some very interesting information about my grandparents. Found er, the house that my great-grandfather built and where my grandfather was er, was born.

W1: I don’t know very much about my family history, but I’d like to look into it in the future.

 

Listening

Scripts

W = Woman; M = Man

W: So, do you know a lot about your family history?

M: I do actually. Yes, um, cos, one thing we have got is a family tree, so, um, I’ve put it all on the computer. So, er, I know quite a lot about them.

W: Did you ever meet your great-grandparents, for example?

M: No, I never met them. Um, in fact, I’ve only ever met one grandparent. Um …

W: Oh?

M: Yeah, they all died rather young so I only had … I met my granny. Um, that was from my mother’s side. Mellows, they were from Yorkshire.

W: Oh, I was gonna say, where did your ancestors come from?

M: Well, yeah, no, um, my mother’s side they all, they all came from Yorkshire, but my father’s family, er, originally came from, from Holland. They came over with, er, with William, William of Orange in 1689.

W: Ah! That’s fascinating!

M: And my ancestor was William of Orange’s, um, closest advisor. And, er, so that was for the Glorious Revolution.

W: Wow! What happened to the other ancestors? Do you know anything about your other side?

M: What?

W: What might have happened to …

M: What, my mother’s side?

W: ... more recently perhaps?

M: Er, well, all of, most, most of my ancestors were either soldiers, um, or in the church, or sailors, um, and, very dull apparently. My father’s side, incredibly dull lot until, er, my father’s ah father married ah a woman whose ah surname was Knowle and they’re all eccentrics and um … barking mad, and lovely and great fun, and so I like to think that I’m descended from that lot, rather, rather more than the boring lot.

W: So on that note, which members of your family do you feel close to, would you say?

M: Well, I’ve only got, um, I don’t have. Both my parents are dead now so, er, my immediate family is the answer to that question, my wife and my two sons who are 25 and 21 years old.

W: And who tells the best family stories?

M: Me!

W: I thought so!

 

Viewing

Scripts

V = Voice-over; GY = Ginsu Yoon; MM = Matt Martin

V: Have you ever dreamt of reinventing yourself as a completely different person? Well, I’ve done it. This is me inside a virtual world called Second Life. It’s a place full of strange islands and towns and buildings created by people who live here. And the rules are: There are no rules. Once you’ve created an account, which you do for free, you create an avatar, which is basically a digital version of yourself. The fun starts choosing your new body, or avatar. There’s something for all tastes. You can be female, male, or even something called a “Furry” – half animal, half human.

GY: You can edit your appearance to look however you want. You can look tall or short or … or fat or skinny. Um, er, it turns out that there are not a lot of unattractive people in Second Life.

V: You can easily alter your face and get a hairdo. I could look like Brad Pitt or even Les Dawson if I wanted. You could be whatever color you want, and can tweak your features – big ears, big nose, or anything else you feel like making bigger. Finally you pick an outfit. Not really me. In the end I just went for a spiky-haired, suit-wearing disco dancer. No change there. My avatar can explore Second Life by walking around. But it’s more fun flying and with maps I can find almost anything I want.

MM: Second Life is all about creating your own online personality and socializing: Whether that’s with big groups, small groups, it’s going to online concerts, and going into online stores and trying on shoes; it’s dressing up.

V: Second Life claims to have over three million individual residents from all over the world living there. You can go up to anyone and chat. This avatar’s owner is in Germany, and these two are from India.

 

Speaking for communication

Role-play

Scripts

Conversation 1

T = Teacher; S = Student

T: And what about your expectations of the course?

S: Well, as I said, I’ve studied English for many years and spent time in Britain, but that was a few years ago. So for me the most important thing is to just refresh and try to remember my English, practice speaking and listening.

T: OK. You’ve got a very good level of English so we’d put you in the advanced class. Is there anything else?

S: Could I ask a question?

T: Of course.

S: I can take the morning class from 9:00 to 12:00. Is that right?

T: Yes, that’s right.

S: And in the afternoon there are options? Optional classes?

T: Yes, er, these are special classes with a special focus like English idioms, conversation, (and) pronunciation. We have the full list here.

S: I see. Thank you.

T: No problem. OK, well, thank you very much.

Conversation 2

I = Interviewer; A = Applicant

I: There are a couple of things I’d like to ask about, Jade. Your CV says you have some experience of looking after children?

A: Yes, I was a tutor on a summer camp last year.

I: Can I ask you about that? What type of things did you do?

A: Um, well, I organized games.

I: Games for?

A: The children.

I: OK. And what age were the children?

A: Um … seven to 10.

I: OK. And you enjoyed it?

A: Yes.

I: What aspect, what part did you enjoy, would you say?

A: Er, I suppose I’d have to say I liked the games best.

I: And any problems?

A: Um, no.

I: What about the different ages? We often find that different ages together can be difficult.

A: It depends. In my opinion, you can usually get the older children to help the younger ones.

Conversation 3

I = Interviewer; S = Student

I: I think that’s about it. Do you have any questions? Any queries?

S: Um, yes, actually I do have a query.

I: Yes, go ahead.

S: It’s about online classes at the university.

I: Right.

S: If I’m accepted, I saw that there are … um, that it’s possible to take some courses online.

I: That’s right.

S: So I wouldn’t need to attend classes?

I: Not for the online courses. But, um … well, one thing I’d like to say is that the online courses are, in many ways, more difficult than face-to-face courses. Certainly in terms of reading and writing, they’re really quite demanding.

 

Group discussion

Scripts

I heard about Second Life, um, on BBC breakfast TV, and um I decided to sort of get on it because I wanted to see what it’d be like to interact in a, in a virtual world so, um, and also to see how it was presented on, on screen on our computers. So, um, I went on and you can create your own avatar which means to create a, a sort of different version of yourself, so um, I … it … I’ve … I, I created a new image of myself, um I didn’t change my appearance that much. You can choose different parts of, ah the body so you can change your face, I made myself, I made myself with dark hair rather than with blonde. I’m not sure why. Um, one thing I decided to alter was my job. I, um, decided to be a businesswoman rather than, um, an actress … um, but one thing that hasn’t changed is my personality. You get to talk to people online um as your avatar, so obviously my responses are um still as me. Um, but you can also set up, ah … your own buildings, you can, you can, um, pay for and build your own buildings, so you can be your own businesswoman in your own shop and people can come in and actually buy things from your shop. So it’s really interesting to sort of interact as this alternative being, different version, different version of me.

 

Further practice in listening

Short conversations

Scripts

Conversation 1

W: Hi David. You know what? I obtained a position as a project manager in a publishing company.

M: Oh, congratulations! I hope you can keep your feet on the ground this time. Maintaining a stable job is crucial for your career development.

Q: What does the man mean?

Conversation 2

M: Robert’s mother got divorced and married a doctor.

W: Exactly. And I heard the new couple had their own child later, named Rose. I bet the little girl in the red dress sitting next to Robert must be Rose.

Q: What’s the relationship between Robert and Rose?

Conversation 3

W: I don’t understand why identity thieves are desperate to steal our personal information.

M: Once they get it, they can use your ID number and your good credit to apply for more credit cards in your name. Then, they use the credit cards and do not pay the bills.

Q: How will identity thieves use the stolen personal information?

Conversation 4

M: It’s a surprise for me to know that your boss is a woman. They are usually too hard to work for and too disagreeable to get along with.

W: My boss is an exception. She always listens patiently when we talk about our dilemmas and problems.

 

Long conversation

Scripts

W: So Charlie, what brings you to my office today? How may I help you?

M: Well, Ms. Parker, as you know, this is my second year at Harvard, and I have to choose a major. I just have to. I’m stressing. My parents are stressing. It’s not good. It’s s-u-c-h a big decision. I mean, one subject one career for the whole rest of my life. And I’m always unclear about my career choice – I’m only 20 now! How can I make such a huge decision that will affect my whole life?

W: Well, the first step is to calm down and look at it in a proper way. I know it seems like this choice will decide your fate, but most students change their major at least once if not more at the university, so you’re not “stuck” with your first choice. Let’s take some time and see what kind of careers would be a good “fit” for you. Tell me, are you more quiet or outgoing?

M: That’s easy! Not quiet! I’m definitely outgoing. I love people!

W: OK. Now, Charlie, are you more detail-focused or do you focus more on the big picture?

M: Not good with details … really like strategy. Definitely a big picture kind of guy! I’ve won three awards for leadership for big events I’ve organized here at Harvard.

W: Wonderful! I see that you’ve got some courses in computer design, math and business, why not consider careers in marketing or management? You’re great with people and big ideas. But remember, these are only just ideas to begin with!

M: Thanks, Ms. Parker!

1 Why did Charlie feel stressed?

2 What does Ms. Parker say about changing majors?

3 What kind of person is Charlie?

4 What major does Ms. Parker suggest that Charlie may choose?

 

Passage 1

Scripts

As a researcher on managerial behavior, I have read hundreds of studies that have compared women and men as managers. On average, when all of that research is summarized, some differences do show up.

As with all averages, there are many exceptions. But here’s what we know from the research:

First, women are less “bossy”, probably because people dislike bossy women even more than bossy men. As a result, female managers are more ready to work together with others and more democratic than male managers. Second, compared with men, women use a more positive approach by encouraging and urging others rather than a negative approach of criticizing and blaming them. Third, women attend more to the individuals they work with, by guiding them and taking their particular situations into account.

Finally, there is the matter of getting the job done efficiently. Most managers, male and female, get their work done in a timely way, but some do not. When you find one of those barely functioning managers – that is, someone who avoids solving problems and just doesn’t get the job done, that person is more likely to be a man than a woman. Why? Perhaps because a woman would be fired or demoted more quickly for poor management.

So, are women better managers than men? In terms of their day-to-day actions, women managers should have advantages. But the answer is really not so simple because managers do well only if people accept their authority.

In roles that have been held mainly by men, women’s competence is often questioned. In these situations, women managers can face a double standard. They have to be extra-competent to be recognized as effective. Where women managers are more common, this type of bias is less likely to prevail.

1 How many differences between female and male managers are mentioned in the passage?

2 How do the female bosses treat the individuals they work with?

3 What is the possible reason that female managers are more likely to get their work done on time?

4 What can we learn from the passage about women managers?

 

Passage 2

Scripts and answers

My great-great-grandparents were the first in my family to arrive in the United States, immigrating to this country from Europe. However, I am the first in my bloodline to arrive in the States, as I was adopted from South Korea in my 1) infancy. I have for the most part 2) assumed the customs and practices of my adoptive parents because I was raised with their values and know nothing of my biological parents. I only 3) inherited their family name.

The significance of my race has been 4) rooted in my mind since my mother took my younger brother and me to Asian cultural 5) fairs before we had even started school. She did this in an effort to 6) compensate for the lack of cultural diversity in the area; my brother and I were the only Asian children at school and in the community. Thus, the realization that there are different “types” of people, as far as race is concerned, actually came to me in meeting other South Koreans.

Attending college has helped 7) cement the idea of my cultural identity, for that was the first time I ever came in contact with other peoples en masse. I was finally able to 8) witness various races of students and faculty from around the world. Most of my life I had only been 9) exposed to white people, so being able to experience how other people lived allowed me to see how I was racially different. This encouraged me to learn more about these differences and how they truly affect how I live. Also, taking college courses with a multicultural focus 10) contributed to my perceptions concerning these differences and influences.

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