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视听说教程第二册课文录音文本 Unit 7  

2016-05-16 23:23:10|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 7 Time of technology: A blessing or a curse?

Listening to the world

Sharing

Scripts

H = Hina; W1 = Woman 1, etc.; M1 = Man 1, etc.

Part 1

H: I love technology. I enjoy reading about new gadgets and I spend a lot of money on technology. I couldn’t live without my mobile phone because I plan my life with it, or without my MP3 player because I love listening to music. How about you? How do you feel about technology?

Part 2

W1: I love technology.

W2: For what I do, I’m probably quite a technophobe. Um … because I’m a designer, so I have to use a computer every day. And I only learned how to use a computer when I was 19.

W3: Oh, I love technology. I love computers, and I love Twitter. And I love mobile phones … I love, I love technology.

M1: I’ve got lots of gadgets. Er … I wouldn’t be ... I wouldn’t , wouldn’t know what to do without my laptop.

M2: I hate technology. I … I find it frightening and disturbing.

W4: I use technology because I have to.

W5: I am definitely not a technophobe. Er … I have learned to love technology very much though in my job.

M3: I love technology – a lot. Um, you know, everything about it like new gadgets, you know, computers, things like that.

W6: I have a mobile phone, and I do have an iPod. But um, I’m probably the only person I know that doesn’t own my own computer.

M4: Oh no, I sort of have every latest gadget as it comes out.

Part 3

H: What items of technology do you have with you at the moment?

M1: Um … I’ve got my mobile phone in my pocket. Um, and my laptop’s just in my filing cabinet in the office over there.

W3: I have my mobile phone with me. And my mobile phone is connected to Twitter.

W2: I have an iPod, but it’s not charged. So that’s why I’m not using it.

W6: On me at the moment, I just have my mobile – that’s all.

M3: At the moment, I have er, my mobile phone on me, (and) an MP3 player.

W5: My laptop.

W1: Just my mobile – but I have two.

M4: An e-book reader, um, and a laptop, and an iPod, and so … lots and lots of gadgets.

Part 4

H: Are there any items of technology you couldn’t live without?

W1: I couldn’t live without my computer. Um, why not? Because I’m on it all the time. It broke down once for three weeks and I felt like my husband had left me – I’m not even married. But um, I was devastated, so no, I couldn’t live without my computer.

M1: Um … I couldn’t live without my laptop. I could probably live without my phone. I quite like leaving it turned off for a while. But er, the laptop’s essential.

M3: I really couldn’t live without my iPod, um, my mobile phone of course and computer, yeah, er, everyone needs a computer nowadays.

W6: My phone. I think beyond that, I don’t need anything else.

W4: My mobile phone. That would be the only one. And maybe the TV.

W3: I don’t think I could live without my mobile phone. And I couldn’t live without the computer, and I couldn’t live without the Internet – because I depend on them.

 

Listening

Scripts

M1 = Man1, etc; W = Woman

M1: I use the Internet all day at work. I “wilf” and I get my work done.

M2: Yeah, me, too.

M1: I’m sorry, but I really don’t see what the problem is.

W: I think the problem is that lots of workers spend all day on the Internet instead of doing their work.

M1: Hmm.

W: And students at university are failing their degrees because they spend all their time checking Facebook and watching the videos that friends send them.

M2: Yes, that’s true, but … um … I don’t think, you know, I don’t think that the problem is the Internet. You know, I think the problem is with the websites like Facebook.

M1: Yeah, Myspace …

M2: Some companies stop you from using certain websites. And I think that’s OK.

W: But it’s such a waste of time. I don’t think people should use the Internet at work, unless you need it for your work.

M1: I’m not sure about that. Using the Internet helps to give you a break. It’s like having a cup of coffee or talking to someone in the office. People should use the Internet as much as they like.

M2: Yes, that’s right. I think it’s good to use the Internet. I run a small business and all my staff use the Internet as much as they want to. I don’t check what they are doing. They do all their work and they are happy. I don’t think it’s a waste of time at all. It’s the same as going to a bookshop …

W: No, but …

M2: … or looking through a pile of magazines.

W: I’m afraid I totally disagree. The problem is that people are addicts. People aren’t addicted to reading books, but the Internet is different. People spend too much time in front of the computer. They choose the Internet over sports and going out. They forget how to live in the real world, and “wilfing” is a part of that.

 

Viewing

Scripts

JV = Jeremy Vine; D1 = Dad 1, etc.; K = Kids; J = James; B1 = Boy 1, etc.; W1 = Woman 1, etc.; M1 = Man1, etc.

JV: Hello, I’m Jeremy Vine, and this is Panorama. Is it time to admit that TV is damaging our children, doing the job we should be doing ourselves,

D1: Are you gonna miss TV?

JV: and making family life without TV seem like just too much hard work? It makes our kids fat, teaches them to be violent, and rots their brains. If, as some argue, TV, computer games are guilty of all of that, then surely they should be banned, or at least severely rationed. But hang on, if the kids were unglued from the screen, could we, the parents, cope? Many of us depend on the TV far more than we’d ever admit.

Mom 1: Hello James.

JV: Eighty-four percent of children over five have a telly in their bedroom. In the year before he turns nine, the average child will watch 32 whole days of television.

This is Park Road Primary School, on the outskirts of Manchester. A very friendly place, as we are about to see. This is Year Three in here. Hi there!

K: Hello.

JV: Seven and eight years old. James, what are you studying?

J: Numeracy.

JV: Numeracy. Well, they have agreed to take part in our experiment to see what happens when televisions and computers are removed from their lives. And just over here on the wall, we’ve got cameras to record the impact of what goes on. Stand by for the short, sharp shock.

M1: You can’t have that. I’ll have to take that with me. Thank you. Say goodbye.

JV: We’ll be going to their homes and removing the screens, the telly, the PC, the games, everything but the microwave. In exchange, they get one new piece of electrical equipment, a camera, to film what happens.

D2: Station number one is warm-up.

JV: Without the TV, it’s clear the parents will have to work a lot harder.

B1: Go!

D2: A burger? Hotdog? Sandwich?

B1: A burger. Hotdog. Sandwich.

B2: Yeah!

D2: So one, two, three. Arms straight out. One, two …

B3: I wonder what to do.

Mom 2: Just look at all those games!

B3: Buckaroo!!

Mom 2: It’s only been four hours, and I think I will crack very soon without my TV. B1: I win!

Mom 3: Yay! Finally, he wins.

JV: Come in. Come in. Ten weeks on, I met some of the parents to see if they are making any long-term changes at home. You’ve come back to a different kind of viewing, have you?

W1: Yes, we, we’ve, we changed it so that they can only watch telly once they’ve done homework. And they can only watch the telly up until Bernie comes home from … from work.

JV: Has anyone else got, got rules here, as a result of this? The Ropers, you got any rules now?

W2: What’s our rule?

B4: Um … there’s not really any TV in the morning, apart from the news.

W2: Yeah.

B4: On a school day.

JV: OK.

W2: Yes, on the school days. Yes.

M2: I think most people have done that, haven’t we? We definitely don’t have any TV … Yeah.

W2: We started that beforehand.

JV: You know, we were looking for results in the classroom, and we found them in the home, and that was the big thing for us. Does that …? Mr. Breen … Is your …?

M2: Um … I think we definitely found it very positive.

W1: Well it was … it’s, it’s just there was a lot more laughter in the house. We’re … we were having a good laugh, um … and we kind of, yeah, we’re more of, of a family.

 

Speaking for communication

Role-play

Scripts

S1 = Speaker 1, etc.

S1: OK – mobile phone? Um … that’s essential. I love it. I use it all the time. I love talking to people, and texting. I couldn’t live without my mobile. MP3 player? Hmm, I suppose it’s not essential, although I do like listening to music. Television? Not essential. I don’t watch much television. Digital camera? Not essential. I’m terrible at taking photos anyway. So, what’s left? Er … laptop? That’s essential really. I use my laptop for work, so yes, I need that.

S2: Which are essential? All of them! Hmm, goodness. Right. Er … mobile phone? Essential. I don’t go anywhere without my phone. I need it in case there’s an emergency and I have to call someone. Or if there’s a problem with one of the children. Yes, I definitely need my phone. TV? Hmm … that’s essential really. I couldn’t live without my television and DVD player. Umm. Laptop? Well, I need a computer to go on the Internet and keep in touch with people. So, that’s essential. Digital camera? Hmm, I suppose I don’t need that. Someone else can take the photos! What else? MP3 player. No. I can live without that.

 

Group discussion

Scripts

The Sims is the best-selling computer game in history, so when my editor asked me to find out how it works, I decided to try it out. I think, “It’s cheap; it’s close. If I go there, I’ll meet new people and experience a new culture.” I’m quite excited.

Day 1

I choose two characters, Sadie and Troy, and go to Blazing Falls. The brochure says it has miles of beaches and tropical islands. We build a house near the sea. It’s a dream come true. You can walk out of the door straight onto the beach, and when I’ve finished I sit back with a feeling of real achievement. It’s been a good day.

Day 2

After breakfast we go for a walk and look at the different houses. If I visit a house with other players, I’ll make some new friends. I walk into a house with 12 people. I’ve never talked online to strangers before and I feel nervous. Some people are playing chess or computer games and others are running around in their swimsuits. I’m not sure what to say, so I type “hello”, and it appears in a big bubble above Sadie’s head. No one answers. I feel uncomfortable and lonely, but if I leave, I won’t have a story for my editor. I type “I’m confused. How do I play?” “What is there to do in this house?” I feel like a new girl at school who nobody wants to talk to. I soon get bored. I leave the computer and go to talk with my real friends.

Day 3

I’m worried about Sadie. Bad things will happen if she doesn’t make friends. So this morning I start with Troy. I send him into a club. He’s good-looking, so I hope that when he walks in, people will start talking to him. I’m right. “What are you looking for?” “Do you want to dance?” This is much better. There are so many questions, I can’t type the answers fast enough. Before I know what’s happened, I’m on the dance floor with my new friends. In real life, I haven’t been dancing for ages and I’m amazed by the good feeling I get.

 

Further practice in listening

Short conversations

Scripts

Conversation 1

M: Oh, my God. I feel dizzy after spending a whole day in the library searching and reading books for my term paper.

W: There is no doubt that the Internet can simplify tasks that would take an enormous amount of time otherwise.

Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?

Conversation 2

W: Mr. Johnson, I’m sorry to tell you your son has been caught sending text messages in class twice this week. We can’t turn a blind eye to it.

M: I’m sorry to hear that. Maybe taking a mobile phone to school is out of place for kids of his age.

Q: What do you think Mr. Johnson will most probably do?

Conversation 3

M: I’ve always felt that online dating would be most popular among people who are 50 to 65.

W: Serious? That can’t be true. As far as I know they have been reluctant to dip their toes into the online dating waters.

Q: What does the woman say about people aged 50 to 65?

Conversation 4

W: Jennifer looks disheartened, but I know she just started her online business last month.

M: Jennifer wants to have an online presence to promote her business, but she has no idea what platform is best for her needs. Q: What does Jennifer want to know?

Conversation 5

M: Can you believe that I received a dozen calls from various companies this morning? I’m so puzzled about who let the cat out of the bag? It’s so odd.

W: Have you ever registered on some kind of online social networking website?

Q: What does the woman imply?

 

Long conversation

Scripts

M: Oh! Another call from my grandmother!

W: What’s wrong? I love talking to my grandmother! She’s an artist and tells really funny stories!

M: Oh, I love talking to my grandmother, too, usually! She just moved from New York City down here to Washington D.C. And I’m happy to have her here in Washington D.C. I love my grandmother! She’s a wonderful person. My problem is I spent six hours on Saturday and five hours on Sunday at her apartment trying to teach her how to use her new electronic gadgets. I set up her telephone, Internet, TV, and DVD player. But she refuses to try and learn and she gets really confused. She just has no idea how to make any of them work.

W: Oh, I see. My Aunt Patricia was the same. She didn’t really want to learn – so it took six lessons plus nine phone calls to learn basic email! – how to open and close an email, how to attach a document!

M: Yes, my grandmother is like that, too. She refuses to learn. My grandfather always took care of all the electronic items – and since he passed away two years ago, she has to handle them by herself.

W: OK, I have an idea! You need to get her liking electronic gadgets. Why not get her one of those video games made for families and kids. I bought my grandfather a Wii. He loves it. I got it all set up. The games are easy and fun! These days, he spends hours playing Wii golf.

M: My grandmother used to love tennis. Wii tennis. Um … Great idea!

1 What did the man do for his grandmother?

2 What problem does the man’s grandmother have?

3 What do the man’s grandmother and the woman’s aunt have in common?

4 What will the man do to help his grandmother?

 

Passage 1

Scripts

“Wilfing”, or surfing the Web without any real purpose, has become a new national pastime. It is the virtual equivalent of window shopping, and a lot of us seem to be spending a lot of time doing it.

Although a newly-identified habit, more than two-thirds of the 33.7 million Internet users in the UK admit to at least occasional “wilfing”, while browsing the Internet.

The attraction of pop-up sites and flashing online advertisements is too appealing to resist for many Internet users. Almost a quarter of those surveyed said they spent 30 percent or more of their Internet time wilfing – the equivalent of spending an entire working day every fortnight pointlessly jumping between random pages.

The YouGov survey of more than 2,400 Web users found that shopping websites are the most likely destinations for wilfers. Other popular pulls include news, music and travel websites.

The poll found the tendency to wilf is more widespread among men than women. Gazing at a series of pointless web pages also appeared to be the preserve of the young, with people aged 55 or over being three times less likely to browse absent-mindedly than those under 25.

The time-consuming practice appears to have destructive effects, too: A third of males admitted that wilfing has a damaging effect on the relationship with their partners.

One in five confessed to being “distracted” from work or study by adult entertainment websites, which often use pop-up mechanisms and bulk emails to trap users into transferring to their pages.

1 What does the writer compare “wilfing” to?

2 What websites are the most popular among wilfers?

3 What did the poll find out about wilfing?

4 How do adult entertainment websites attract users?

 

Passage 2

Scripts and answers

The New York Police Department (NYPD) announced it will form a new unit to search social media as part of the combined efforts against criminals. This is an official 1) response to criminals’ growing use of some websites to plan and celebrate 2) illegal achievements.

A police chief, Kevin O’Connor, is 3) in charge of an NYPD unit created specifically to comb social media sites like Facebook, Twitter and BlackBerry Messenger for information on planned crimes and their offenders.

The efforts against criminals have linked social media to increasing incidents of robberies in the United States and the recent rioting in London. Public safety agencies are 4) consequently looking to step up their efforts in order to better protect citizens against these trends.

In the London riots in particular, the police suspect the rioters 5) relied heavily on BlackBerry Messenger to coordinate and plan their riots. Police there are working with BlackBerry Messenger to identify those messages that are 6) linked to burning and robbing London stores.

BlackBerry Messenger and other smartphone messaging services make it hard for the police to 7) anticipate criminal activity, especially if they aren’t as 8) familiar with the technology as the offenders are. The NYPD unit intends to educate officers about such technology to 9) remedy this defect.

For social media providers and smartphone makers, the criminals’ preference for their products is putting them in the sticky position of determining how to assist police efforts without 10) betraying lawful customers’ privacy.

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