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视听说教程第二册课文录音文本 Unit 6  

2016-05-16 23:10:50|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 6 Climbing the career ladder

Listening to the world

Sharing

Scripts

H = Hina; W1 = Woman 1, etc.; M1 = Man 1, etc.

Part 1

H: Hi, I’m Hina. I work for the BBC in London as a researcher. I’ve learned a lot of skills in my job and I’ve made some good friends at work. Sometimes my job gets too busy and I don’t get enough time to relax, or even to tidy my flat. What do you do?

 

M1 = Man 1, etc.; W1 = Woman 1, etc.

Part 2

W1: I’m an administrator in an economics department of a university.

M1: I’m an accountant.

M2: I work in advertising.

M3: I’m a filmmaker.

M4: I’m a mechanical engineer for an energy company in Australia.

W2: I work in an office.

W3: I’m a singing teacher. I teach singing lessons.

M5: I’m a private investigator. I run a private investigation company in Germany.

M6: I am a charity worker, so I travel to different places in the world.

M7: Well, I’m semi-retired now, but I worked for many years for a publishing company. Book publishing.

W4: I am the Director of Sales for a software company called B-line.

W5: I’m a college professor. I teach communication and journalism at Jackson University.

M8: I work as an expedition leader.

W6: I’m a fashion photographer and I work for a fashion agency.

W7: I work part-time in a music store.

H: Where do you work?

M2: I work in London.

W1: It’s University College London. Also known as UCL.

M3: I work from home in central London.

M4: I work about eight hours’ drive from where I live in Brisbane.

W2: I work in London.

M5: I mostly work in Berlin.

M7: The head office is in London, so although I work mostly from home now, I travel down to London maybe two or three times a month.

W4: I work here in the City of London.

W3: I work from home and then I also work in schools.

Part 3

H: What are the best things about your job?

M2: The best things about my job are the different people er … that I meet from all around the world.

W6: I get to travel and um … lots of different people every day and every day is different.

W1: The flexibility.

M1: The variety of work that I have. Meeting people throughout the day.

M3: The best thing is that no day is ever really the same.

M4: I get to be hands-on with everything.

W2: Working with my colleagues and friends.

M8: I’ve made some really good friends over the years, from the locals and natives, and the, the local crews I work with.

M6: Seeing people’s faces when you do something for them and seeing little kids um … being very happy and laughing and … I really love that.

Part 4

H: And the worst things?

W2: The worst thing about my job is that it can get very stressful.

W1: As much as I love my job, there are times when I need to take work home to meet deadlines. I’d say that’s, that’s probably the only bad thing I can think of right now.

M6: When you see people who are very poor and very sad and don’t have much opportunity. And there is not much that they can do about it, then that hurts you a lot.

M2: The worst thing about my job is the hours we work – we can be there until 10, 11 o’clock.

W6: Long hours. Um, it’s tiring and you’re “on call” quite a lot of the time.

M3: You never know what you’re gonna be doing from one day to the next, so sometimes it’s hard to make plans.

M4: Er, just the distance … being away from my family.

M8: You miss family, you miss friends. So I think er … spending a lot of time outside of the UK can have its disadvantages.

 

Listening

Scripts

M = Man; W = Woman

M: These days many companies motivate their staff in new and different ways. Internet companies are a good example. At Yahoo there’s a free bus ride to work for the employees. There’s also a dentist and a hairdresser at the office. And one day a month the staff watch films together. These are all great ideas for motivating your workers.

W: Well, er, Google also has some interesting ways to motivate staff. Lunch is free. And after sitting at your desk for hours, you can have a cheap massage in the office.

M: Wow.

W: Another nice little bonus – you can take your dog to work.

M: Yahoo and Google are quite famous for this type of thing. But what benefits do other companies give their employees? Well, we found one company that takes its employees on a surprise holiday every year. The staff go to the airport but they don’t know where they are flying to. In the past these trips included Amsterdam, Iceland and even the Caribbean.

W: At Starbucks employees get free coffee, of course, but they can also bring their children to work.

M: And there’s a phone company that has a party for the staff on the last Friday of every month – with free drinks.

W: Finally, a very interesting idea: An insurance company keeps fish in a little river next to the office. The employees go fishing after work and they take home all the fish that they catch.

M: Fantastic.

W: Isn’t that a great idea?

 

Viewing

Scripts

P = Presenter; JS = Justin Saunders; W1 = Woman 1, etc.; RS = Rebecca Saunders

P: Tonight on The Money Program. Are you fed up of traveling to work on packed commuter trains? Are you tired of being sat in endless traffic queues? Well, now there’s an alternative. More and more people are choosing to live abroad and commute to their jobs in Britain like this. It’s cheap houses in Europe and budget flights that are changing the way we live. We’re following some of the lucky people who’ve moved across the channel but still earn their living here. They’re Britain’s dream commuters.

It’s the end of the working week and Justin Saunders is heading home.

JS: Bye everybody. See you next week then.

W1: See ya.

P: He runs an online map company near Reading.

JS: I get fed up with the traffic. There’s (There’re) just so many cars on the road. It … it’s been a tiring, tiring week, ah … but I’m, I’m glad to be going home.

P: But his home is a little further away than most. Justin’s part of Britain’s new breed of Euro commuters.

W2: Boarding starts at six o’clock and the gate number will be on the screens in Departures.

P: He flies from Gatwick to his house in southwest France. And Justin’s not alone. He’s one of a group of commuters who take the same flight to Toulouse every week.

P: There’s a hotel operator, an IT worker, a charity manager, and a BT consultant. Only this week they’ve got one more: me. It’s straight off. No time for shopping with these guys.

P: So why did you decide to make this move in the first place?

JS: Er, we basically decided to move to France for the better quality of life. We thought … we looked on the Internet, uh, we saw properties available much cheaper than in Britain. We were fed up with the commuting and the traffic.

P: But what’s the cost of the commute?

JS: When I book the flights early enough, I’m paying something like 38 pounds return.

P: Justin’s life is in a village in southwest France, an hour’s drive from Toulouse Airport and over 700 miles from his Hampshire office.

JS: Honey.

RS: Daddy’s home.

JS: Where’s Georgie?

RS: She’s asleep.

JS: She’s asleep.

RS: So, how was the flight?

JS: Oh, not too bad. Nice to be back home, though.

P: It’s morning in the French village of Albas, beside the River Lot, and Justin Saunders seems pretty happy.

RS: That’s the house down there. With the terrace. With the …

P: The one just here with the river view.

RS: The river view, yeah.

JS: We’re still pinching ourselves. Is this really real?

P: Yeah.

JS: We’ve just transformed our lifestyle.

P: Well, wouldn’t you commute by plane for this?

 

Speaking for communication

Role-play

Scripts

I’m a marine biologist. I work mainly in the sea and also in the lab. The good things about my job are … um … I like working outside. In fact, I can’t stand sitting at a desk all day, so this job is perfect for me. What else? I absolutely love traveling and I travel a lot, particularly in South America and Australia. Also I don’t like working in a team. I prefer working alone. And most of my time is spent alone or just me and nature. Um, what else? One thing that’s very important: I don’t mind getting my hands dirty. That’s important in my work because it’s a very practical job. You’re working with animals and plant life the whole time. Also I’m keen on learning new things – and you do learn all the time in this job. So overall, it’s the perfect job for me. I couldn’t do an office job because I hate working under pressure. And I’m not very keen on working for a company. I want to be my own boss.

 

Group discussion

Scripts

Our business is called The Very Special Cake Company. Our idea is to make delicious birthday cakes for children. We want to make interesting cakes shaped like animals or trains or faces. In fact, you can choose any shape you want and we’ll make it for you. We’ll also make the cake personal, by writing your name or a special message on it. We hope to make money by selling the cakes at local markets, in shops and on the Internet. We don’t need very much to start our business, because we can make the cakes at home. To be successful, we need to advertise in schools and have a beautiful website with lots of colorful photos. And we plan to go to markets and give people a free taste of the cakes, so they can try them, and then they’ll definitely want to buy them!

 

Further practice in listening

Short conversations

Scripts

Conversation 1

M: Addison’s quite a job-hopper. You know what his new job is?

W: Addison told me three weeks ago that he was going to quit his job in the cotton firm and go to work in a store selling beer, but he ended up working in a supermarket.

Q: What do we know from the conversation about Addison?

Conversation 2

W: Bill, do you like your job?

M: Well, I wonder who’d have fun working on an assembly line eight hours a day. If I were not the breadwinner of a big family, I would work in an office even if I could only get half of my current pay.

Q: What does the man say about his job?

Conversation 3

M: What’s your future plan?

W: No idea. My father’s ruined all my dreams. He says I have too little sense of economy to be in business, too little imagination to be an artist, I’m too fat to be an athlete, and I’m too ambitious to be an ordinary white-collar worker.

Q: What does the woman think about her future?

Conversation 4

W: I hear you’re working for an advertising company. Do you get a good salary for this job?

M: Yes, a pretty good salary for a beginner. But I have to work very hard for what I get. And there’s quite a lot of overtime.

Q: What does the man say about his job?

Conversation 5

M: Why hesitate to take that position? Not everyone can have the opportunity to get promoted.

W: The promotion might make me more money, and bring me short-term growth, but it will take me to the top of the wrong ladder.

Q: Why doesn’t the woman take the position?

 

Long conversation

Scripts

M: Only two more semesters Margaret, looking forward to the working world?

W: Oh! Don’t remind me. It’s a few short months away. I don’t really know what I’m going to do after I graduate.

M: You mean you haven’t been thinking about jobs yet?

W: No, not really. I know I should, I just don’t know where to start. I’ve had part-time jobs in fast food – you know, my job at McDonald’s – but this real-job stuff scares me to death!

M: Hold on. It’s not that bad. You need to take control. First go over to the Career Center; it’s on the second floor of the Student Union. Make an appointment with Monica Green. She’s really smart, helpful and nice.

W: Gosh. Thanks Juan. This is helpful. Career Center, second floor of the Student Union, Monica Green – right?

M: Yep! That’s right! Take your resume to get it reviewed. Remind me – what are you studying?

W: International Business.

M: OK, pretty easy then. Check the Internet for international companies here in Seattle. That’s how I found my internship at Microsoft last summer. In fact, they’ve even offered me a job after I graduate.

W: You’re lucky! I wish I had an internship now – and a job waiting for me after graduation.

M: Don’t worry! You just need a plan. Try for an internship now, search hard for jobs and, always have another plan: You can always move back home with your parents in San Francisco if you need to.

W: That is a good plan. My parents would be glad to have me back home in San Francisco for a while!

1 How does the woman prepare for the working world?

2 How did the man find his internship?

3 What advice does the man give to the woman?

4 What does the man think the woman needs most right now?

 

Passage 1

Scripts

In 1964, 19 million women were employed in the United States. Today they total 65 million, working in a wide variety of industries and increasingly pursuing higher education. The number of working women who have attended college has increased 200 percent since 1970, and the undergraduate class of 2011 was 57 percent female. Yet as far as women have come, they still earn on average only 81.2 percent as much as men and remain in lower-end jobs. What are the best-paying jobs for women? Using data on the weekly earnings of full-time workers in 2010 collected by BLS, we discovered that tech and health care is where the money’s at.

Female physicians and surgeons topped the list. These women earned a median of $1,618 per week, or about $84,000 a year, more than any other profession tracked by the BLS. Male doctors continue to earn more than female doctors, but the pay gap has narrowed each year; it’s now at 29 percent versus 41 percent two years ago.

Interestingly, the second best-paying job for women is a pharmacist. Female pharmacists make a median of $1,605 per week or about $83,500 annually, nearly as much as physicians and surgeons and more than chief executives, which came in at No. 3 on our list. Women account for 48 percent of the pharmacy profession and earn 83 percent as much as male pharmacists. Meanwhile, only 26 percent of CEOs are women, and they earn just 72 percent as much as their male peers.

Now women have been moving into relatively higher-paying jobs that were traditionally male-dominated. It’s been a very positive development. Overall, the gender pay gap is narrowing.

 

1 How has the number of working women with college degrees in the United States changed?

2 What is the current situation of working women in the United States?

3 What is the best-paying job for women?

4 What does the speaker think of the job prospects for women in the United States?

 

Passage 2

Scripts and answers

When you receive a job offer, it’s important to take the time to carefully 1) evaluate the offer so you are making a sensible decision to accept or to reject it.

Consider the entire 2) compensation package – salary, benefits, working environment – not just your paycheck. Money isn’t the only factor to consider, but, it is an important one. Is the offer what you expected? If not, is it a salary you can accept without feeling insulted? If it isn’t what you expected, consider 3) negotiating salary with your future employer.

Before accepting a job, be sure that you are clear on the hours you need to work. Also, 4) confirm what, if any, travel is involved. If the position requires 45 or 50 hours of work a week and you’re used to working 35 hours, consider whether you will have difficulty committing to the 5) schedule.

The bottom line in accepting a job offer is that there really isn’t one. Everyone has a different set of personal 6) circumstances. What might be the perfect job for you could be an awful job for someone else.

It’s much easier to 7) turn down an offer than to leave a job that you have already started. The same is true for your potential employer. The employer would prefer that you decline, rather than having to 8) start over the hiring process a couple of weeks down the road if you don’t 9) work out. So, do take the time to thoroughly consider the offer. Ask questions, if you have them. Take your time to make an educated, 10) informed decision so you feel sure that you and the company make an excellent match.

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