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视听说教程第二册课文录音文本 Unit 5  

2016-04-26 00:14:59|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 5 Urban pulse

Listening to the world

Sharing

Scripts

H = Hina; M1 = Man 1, etc.; W1 = Woman 1, etc.

Part 1

H: I’ve always enjoyed living in cities. I like the mix of people and all the different things that you can do. Not everyone feels like me, though. Some people prefer the peace and quiet of the country. How about you? Do you enjoy city life?

Part 2

M1: No, absolutely hate London. Much prefer the country.

W1: Yes, I love city life. Um, I mean, London’s such a vibrant, um, active city. Um, there’s (there’re) always lots of things to do.

W2: Where I live is very, very central and it’s inner city. So it’s what I’m used to and I enjoy that I can get everywhere really easily.

W3: I enjoy it. It’s um – it suits me. I think it suits my personality.

W4: I really enjoy living in London. Um, it’s a great place to be. There’s (there’re) lots of people around, lots of things happening. Where I live, there’s (there’re) lots of art shows, and … and photographers.

M2: I do like city life. I think er, London especially is very vibrant, and there’s always something going on.

Part 3

H: What are the good things about living in a city?

W1: London is such a large city. Um, you know, you can never tire of it, really.

W4: I think there’s always something to do. Um, always something to go and see. And lots of events and culture, and um, you can never be bored.

M1: Obviously culture. I mean … I live right next door to the Globe Theater, the Tate Modern so um, theater is terrific. Er, huge choice of restaurants, of course.

W3: The good things about living in the city is er, the tube, which is … is really amazing. It’s cheap and it’s really frequent.

M2: Um, I think transport is one of the best things. The fact that you can live, probably miles away from your friends – and you can all sort of, get to the same place fairly easily, and fairly quickly.

W2: You’re so central. Everywhere’s close at hand, um, there’s (there’re) always lots of people around so, you feel quite safe.

Part 4

H: What are the main problems in cities?

M1: Traffic is horribly congested.

W1: Sometimes it can be difficult to get round the city quickly, um, and that can be frustrating.

W4: I think there’s … there’s always a very much of a go-go kind of attitude – that you have to be on the go the whole time. And there isn’t the time just to chill out or take time out. And if you’re not doing something, you’re missing out.

W3: The main problems I’d say, are probably crime, and just not feeling safe.

W2: I think the crime. I think that the crime’s a huge problem in city life.

M2: I think we should be trying to encourage um, more sort of green transport so, cycling, um, and encouraging people to walk, and use their cars less.

W3: I think there’s not much that you really can do about crime. Because I think it’s a social issue. So if people are – you have to, kind of, address why people are committing crimes before you can do anything about it.

W4: I think a city’s a city. You either wanna live in a city or you wanna live in the countryside, or by the sea. And I think it’s your choice.

 

Listening

Scripts

Conversation 1

I = Interviewer; R = Rick

I: Rick, you’ve lived in Dubai for … what, four years, right?

R: Yeah, four years.

I: So what’s it like, living in Dubai?

R: Well, I read that Dubai is one of the world’s fastest growing cities, so there are a lot of people, and it’s very crowded. It’s a great city for shopping, and going out. And it has a really good nightlife, with lots of bars and clubs.

I: Is it a safe city?

R: Yes, there isn’t a lot of crime. The streets are very safe. But one of the biggest problems is the traffic. Everyone drives a car here – petrol is still cheap, so the traffic’s terrible. One good thing is the taxis though. There are lots of them, and they’re cheap, so you don’t have to drive.

Conversation 2

I = Interviewer; S = Sasha

I: Sasha, you live in Tokyo, don’t you?

S: That’s right.

I: And, do you … do you like it? Do you like living in Tokyo?

S: Yeah, Tokyo is a great city to live in. People think it’s very expensive, but actually you can buy Japanese food in the supermarkets quite cheaply, and eating out in Japanese restaurants isn’t expensive either.

I: How about getting around? What’s the public transport like?

S: There’s a really good public transport system here. The metro system is fantastic. It’s very fast, and it’s cheap, so lots of people use it. That’s the only problem. It gets very crowded.

I: And what do you like best about living in Tokyo?

S: Ah, the food, definitely. I love Japanese food! And the green spaces. There are lots of parks and green spaces, so it’s less polluted than you think.

Conversation 3

I = Interviewer; C = Charlie

I: What about Sydney? What’s Sydney like, Charlie?

C: Sydney is one of the best cities in the world. There are lots of young, friendly people living here, so there’s a really good atmosphere. The streets are clean and safe and there are lots of things to see and do. There are beautiful buildings, like the Opera House. You can sit and watch the boats on the harbor. And it has one of the most beautiful coastlines in the world.

I: What’s the weather like? Is it really hot?

C: The weather is perfect. It’s never too hot and never too cold. You can eat outside all year round, so there’s a great café culture with lots of places on the streets selling really good coffee.

I: So, are there any problems?

C: Problems? Not really. Traffic, I suppose. Too much traffic and a terrible public transport system.

 

Viewing

Scripts

P&F = Phillip Scholfield and Fern Britton; JL = Jay Leno; GN = Graham Norton; TS = Tim Samuels; G = George Clooney; J = Joan; W = Winnie; A = Alf

P&F: The Zimmers! Hurray!

JL: The Zimmers!

GN: The Zimmers!

TS: Who’d have thought it would come to this? When 40 isolated old people formed a rock band. This is the story of how The Zimmers, with a combined age of nearly 3,000 took the rock world by storm. And even took their message all the way to Hollywood.

G: Congratulations, you guys. Hello. Hi, I’m George. How are you? I hear you’re all over the charts.

TS: Four months ago, we set about making a film about what it’s like being old in Britain today. We found many who were lonely and forgotten, cast aside by society.

J: Hello.

TS: Hello, Joan. I’m Tim. Eighty-two-year-old Joan had been stuck indoors since a bad fall three years ago.

J: When I have left the flat, it’s only ever for something like that, the doctor’s, the dentist … you know, not … I haven’t been for pleasure.

TS: Nighty-nine-year-old Winnie was a serial care-home mover. She just couldn’t find one that felt right. Over the last decade, she’d moved care homes 16 times. Boredom drove Winnie from her last home. How do you feel about leaving this place?

W: Nothing but joy.

TS: And 90-year-old Alf was facing the closure of his local bingo club, which meant there would be nowhere to meet his friends.

A: I’m gonna lose these people, when that closes, it’s because I’ve gotta, I’ve gotta find new friends. And at our ages, it’s so difficult.

TS: So, we thought we would try and get these cast-aside old people heard again. And what better way than record a charity single, and try and storm the charts. All we had to do was convince them we were serious. Eventually, 40 pensioners took a leap of faith and came together at the world-famous Abbey Road Studios, to record a cover version of The Who’s “My Generation”. The name of their band, The Zimmers.

TS: It was a day when people made friends, and came alive again.

W: I’ve never kissed a 101-year-old yet.

TS: What’s more, it looked like we might even have a decent single on our hands. And when we made the video available online, it proved a sensation. Two million people watched it in the first few days.

 

Speaking for communication

Role-play

Scripts

Conversation 1

G=Guest; R=Receptionist

G: Oh hello. Er, could you help me? There’s a problem with the air conditioning.

R: Oh yes?

G: I’ve just tried to switch it on, but it doesn’t work.

R: Is it completely dead?

G: Completely. Absolutely nothing.

R: OK, we’ll look into it right away. I’ll send someone up. It’ll be about five minutes, OK?

G: Thanks.

R: You’re welcome. And sorry about that.

Conversation 2

W=Waitress; D=Diner; M=Manager

D: I’m afraid I have a complaint. Could I speak to the manager, please?

W: Oh, yes, of course.

M: Good evening, sir. I understand there’s a problem.

D: Yes. I’m afraid I have a complaint.

M: Oh?

D: Well, we got here at eight. And then we waited about 20 minutes for a table.

M: Right.

D: This is for a table we’d booked for eight, OK? Then we waited another hour for our meal.

M: Right.

D: One hour. Then when the bill arrived they put this extra charge on it.

M: An extra charge? That’s probably the service charge.

D: Well, could you check this for me, please?

M: Yes, that’s service.

D: Well, to be honest, I don’t want to pay this.

M: Of course not. Well, sir, I am really sorry about that. It’s a very busy time of year.

Conversation 3

(The Eight Thirty-two to Cambridge has been delayed. We apologize for any inconvenience caused.)

W=Woman; M=Man

W: Excuse me. Do you work here?

M: Yes.

W: Do you know when the next train will be arriving? I mean, I’ve been here for over an hour.

M: I’m sorry but there’s nothing we can do at the moment. Everything is delayed.

W: And you don’t know when the next train is coming?

M: No.

W: Or why there’s a delay?

M: Snow.

W: What?

M: Snow on the track. It was the wrong type of snow.

W: What do you mean “the wrong type of snow”? You’re kidding, right?

 

Further practice in listening

Short conversation

Scripts

Conversation 1

W: I love the modern conveniences and efficient public transportation the big city offers, and above all, much greater access to a variety of entertainment.

M: The greatest advantage of living in a large city is that I can eat a huge variety of food from different cultures.

Q: What attracts the woman most in a big city?

Conversation 2

M: There seems to be nowhere to park outdoors. Shall we try underground parking?

W: Underground parking is always a nightmare for inexperienced drivers like me. More than once my car has been scratched on the side when driving down the narrow slopes.

Q: What do we know from what the woman said?

Conversation 3

M: Many people think that big cities such as London and New York would be wonderful places to live in.

W: The problem is that as too many individuals think that way and move into these cities, the resulting crowdedness and high house prices undermine their attractions.

Q: What does the woman imply?

Conversation 4

W: The number of citizens above the age of 60 will increase from the current 147 million to 174 million this year, representing about one-eighth of the total population.

M: The aging problem has not only come earlier than anticipated but also come about rapidly.

Q: What does the man say about the aging problem?

Conversation 5

M: I live in New York, and for me, there’s nothing that compares to its culture, energy and convenience.

W: But I also know that people living in big cities tend to be under greater pressure and have a greater risk of mental disorders.

Q: What does the woman think about the people living in big cities?

 

Long conversation

Scripts

M: Hi Emily! Something troubling you?

W: Not sleeping well. My husband’s got a new job in Santa Fe, New Mexico! I’m a girl born and raised in big cities. I’m a little worried …

M: What about?

W: Well, my hometown has about 4.5 million people! You know how many people live in Santa Fe?

M: Not exactly, but, listen!

W: Well, I looked up the population and it’s like 70,000! Tiny! It really is a great job for John – my husband, but in a small town! I’m sure there will be no good restaurants, or nice places to walk, no nightlife …

M: Whoa! Wait a minute Emily! Did you do anything besides looking at the population of Santa Fe?

W: Uh, no …

M: You’re jumping to conclusions – and they’re all wrong! I’m from Santa Fe! It does have a small population – but it’s an amazing place! The history and architecture are unique. The city center was built in the 1600s by the Spanish. It’s full of beautiful shops, restaurants, coffee shops, and art galleries. It has amazing nightlife – full of wonderful people. That’s why famous writers and movie stars love Santa Fe, too!

W: Wow, sounds great … What about outdoor life?

M: It’s wonderful! The colors of the sky and mountains are so beautiful that artists come from around the world to paint! And the sky at night is so full of stars that you feel like you can reach out and touch them. It’s a magical place, Emily. Soon you’ll realize how lucky you are. You’ll have a long line of family and friends waiting to come and visit you in Santa Fe!

 

Passage 1

Scripts

Living in the city is hard enough for a single person, but if you have kids life can get more complex. Finding ways to keep the little ones occupied can be a full-time job. So it should be no surprise that parents will go to great lengths to get a little peace and quiet.

However, when I first got to know that some parents bought their young children – not teenagers – iPads, I was shocked. Who spends $500 on an iPad for a young child when so many adults in the United States go without or have limited access to computers and the Internet? Whatever happened to Lego, building blocks and colored pencils? And for those slightly older kids how about a good, old-fashioned book instead of an iPad for the car journey to the beach?

Recently, I was at dinner with a couple and I brought up the subject of parents buying iPads for their young children. I was curious to see how they responded since I knew they had three young kids. It turned out they are a part of this growing trend. The iPad can download or stream cartoons, so it makes for excellent entertainment when they’re trying to get to the grocery store or head out of the city for the annual family vacation. But the best thing about iPads is that there are games and educational applications for nearly every age level.

It got me thinking that maybe my first reaction was a little too “reactionary”. Now I can understand the parents a little better. If I had three kids and was living in the city they would probably have an iPad, too.

1 What shocked the speaker?

2 What is appropriate for slightly older kids according to the speaker?

3 What is the best thing about iPads according to the couple?

4 What does the speaker think of buying iPads for kids after talking with the couple?

 

Passage 2

Scripts and answers

Around the world smart cities are being built while those we have lived in for centuries are being upgraded for the future. A smart city may mean one that uses data on traffic to ease congestion or one that aims to 1) join up services to provide better information for citizens. For many it is about making cities greener and more efficient. It is partly a 2) reaction to overcrowding and pollution and partly because in an ever-connected world it 3) makes increasing sense to hook entire cities up to the network.

Masdar is a city that stands in the middle of the desert of Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates. It is designed to be one of the most 4) sustainable cities on the planet. With a solar power station at its heart and wind farms providing energy for it, it 5) aims to be carbon free. Everything in the city, from water to rubbish, is measured and 6) monitored, becoming a source of information. The city is built on a raised platform to allow its “digital plumbers” easy 7) access to the system of advanced technologies that run it. It is pedestrian-friendly and entirely car free. The city is 8) experimenting with a network of electric driverless podcars. The PRT – personal rapid transit – will run six meters under street level across the city. The buildings in the city have been designed by Norman Foster’s architecture firm, which designed a number of 9) eye-catching buildings including The City Hall in London.

It is hoped that 40,000 people will eventually live in the city, with up to 50,000 10) commuting there each day.

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