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新视野大学英语读写教程第2册语言点讲解(Unit 8)  

2014-05-19 08:33:34|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1) hold little value (L. 7)

… if it (whatever it may be) won’t compute and you can’t drink it, smoke it or spend it, then “it” holds little value.  (L6-7)

学生们认为如果某种东西 (不管它是何物) 没有实际的经济意义,你不能把它当酒喝、当烟抽、当钱花,那么就简直毫无价值。

If a person always thinks of and lives for himself, then his life holds little value.

如果一个人总是想着自己,为自己活着,那么他的人生就毫无价值。(几乎没有什么价值)

他的意见没有多大价值,一经提出就被否决了。

His idea held little value, so it was rejected as soon as it was brought forth.

调查结果显示:一些学生认为,如果某种东西不能用钱来计算,那么它就毫无价值。

The survey shows that some students believe that if something cannot be calculated in terms of money it is of little value.

2) be well off (L. 11)

Not surprising in these hard times, the students’ major objective “is to be financially well off.

在这些经济不景气的年代,学生们的主要目标是想在经济上富裕一点。

In the present society, some people have tried every means to get financially well off, but they are spiritually poor.

在当今社会,一些人千方百计在经济上富裕,而他们的精神世界却是贫穷的。(a. be wealthy)

You don’t need to look for another job—________________(你现在的经济情况就相当不错了).

you’re well off where you are

This is the best way of getting help to those families ______________(不太富裕的).

who are less well off

Having inherited a large sum of money from his wealthy uncle, he is now better off than before.

从有钱的叔叔那儿继承了一大笔钱之后,他现在更加富裕了。(be well of 的比较级)

3) accordingly (L.12)

Accordingly, today the most popular course is not literature or history but accounting.

因此,如今最受欢迎的课程不是文学或历史,而是会计学。

They asked him to leave the company, and accordingly he stopped working there:

他们要求他离开公司,因此他已不再在那儿干了。(ad. so)

I’ve told you what the situation is; you must act accordingly.

我已经向你说明了情况,你必须照此办理/按照所说的做。

 

I was lost and ______________(所以我买了张地图) which helped me out.

accordingly I bought a map

Our culture is very different from yours, and _________(因此,我们用不同的方式处理相同的事情).

accordingly, we deal with the same matters in different ways

4) specialization ( L. 30)

In a time of increasing specialization, a time when 90 percent of all the scientists who have ever lived are currently alive, more than ever, we need to know what is truly important in life.

在一个日益专业化的时代,在一个本时代所有科学家的90%现在都还健在的时代里,我们比过去任何时候更需了解什么是生活中真正重要的东西。

In the course I’m taking, there’s no opportunity for specialization until the final year.

我正在学的课程要到最后一学年才进入专业课学习。(n. 专业课)

The lawyer said that he was unable to help us because ____________(我们的案子超出了他的专业范围).

our case fell outside his specialization

As a college student, you should aim for an expansion of ___________(专业之外的知识).

knowledge well beyond your area of specialization

The 12-year-old boy’s goal is to _________(专攻西方史).specialize in western history in the future

After she qualified as a lawyer, she decided to specialize in business law.

在取得律师资格后,她决定专攻商法。

5) be meant to do (L. 34)

Most people, somewhere between the ages of 30 and 50, finally arrive at the inevitable conclusion that they were meant to do more than serve a corporation, a government agency, or whatever.

大多数年龄约在3050岁之间的人都会最终得出一个必然的结论,即他们不应该仅仅是为某个公司、某个政府机构或任何其他单位服务。

School education is not just meant to help students acquire knowledge from textbooks but to develop their all-around abilities as well.

学校教育不应该只是帮助学生学习书本知识,还应该培养他们的综合能力。 (=be supposed to do sth )

In the United States, people ______________(每个月都得缴纳所得税), which guarantee them to enjoy certain kinds of benefits provided by the government.

are meant to pay income tax every month

If you want to work out at the school fitness-center, you _____________(得交费后方能进入).

are meant to pay before you come in

6) confine ( L. 38)

Sure, everyone wants to be financially comfortable, but we also want to feel we have a perspective on the world beyond the confines of our occupation; we want to be able to render service to our fellow man and to our God

诚然,每个人都想在经济上富裕点。但是我们还希望能感受到自己对职业范围以外的世界是有着透彻的理解的;我们希望能为我们的同胞和上帝效劳。

beyond the confines of human knowledge          超出人类知识的范围   (n. limitations)

within the confines of campus life                在校园生活的范围内

____________(生活面太窄) in a religious job proved too difficult for him.

The narrow confines of life

You are asked to ________________(电话只用于公事).

confine your use of telephone to business calls alone  (v. limit)

他妈妈周末把他限制在家中,因为两周后他就要参加期末考试了。

His mother confined him to his room for the weekend because he was going to have a final exam in tow weeks.

7) render (L. 39)

Sure, everyone wants to be financially comfortable, but we also want to feel we have a perspective on the world beyond the confines of our occupation; we want to be able to render service to our fellow man and to our God.

诚然,每个人都想在经济上富裕点。但是我们还希望能感受到自己对职业范围以外的世界是有着透彻的理解的;我们希望能为我们的同胞和上帝效劳。

Render good for evil.

以德抱怨。 (v. give, produce)

I refused his request in terms that rendered it impossible for him to address me on this issue again.

我用使他不可能再就这个问题跟我谈话的方式拒绝了他的要求。(v. make)

The staff _________(提供了一流的服务) and all the guests were quite satisfied.

rendered first-class service

As well as some advice, he gave me a certain amount of money to start a small business. So now I want to_____________(用我积累的财富帮助别人).

render help to others with money I've accumulated

8) preferably (L. 44)

While it’s true all of us need a career, preferably a prosperous one, it is equally true that our civilization has collected an incredible amount of knowledge in fields far removed from our own.

虽然我们所有人都确实需要一份工作, 最好是一份薪水丰厚的工作,但同样确实的是我们的文明已经在远远超越我们各自业务的领域里积累了数量惊人的知识。

They want to buy a new house, near the sea preferably.

他们想要买一所新房子,最好是离海近些的。(ad. desirably above anything else

I can meet you at any time tomorrow, but _____________(最好是上午11点以后).

preferably not before 11 o’clock in the morning

A day with friends is always _______________(好过一个人呆在家里) and doing nothing.

preferable to staying at home alone  (be more desirable (than))

You must either choose foods with fewer calories, or you must increase your physical activity, preferably both.

你或是选择低卡路里食物,或是增加锻炼,最好两者结合。

9) incredible (L. 45)

While it’s true all of us need a career, preferably a prosperous one, it is equally true that our civilization has collected an incredible amount of knowledge in fields far removed from our own.

虽然我们所有人都确实需要一份工作, 最好是一份薪水丰厚的工作,但同样确实的是我们的文明已经在远远超越我们各自业务的领域里积累了数量惊人的知识。

How incredible! The male student who seldom attends class has got the highest mark this time.

这真令人难以置信!那个几乎从来不来上课的男生这次居然得了最高分。(a. too strange to be believed)

He _________(表现了令人难以置信的勇气和决心) in coming back from his injuries to compete again at the international level.

showed incredible courage and determination

真令人难以置信,那个人没有任何理由地杀害了五个可爱的小女孩。

It is incredible that the man killed five lovely little girls without giving any reason.

10) in the long run (L. 51)

No company, no job. How shortsighted in the long run.

没有了公司,也就没有了工作岗位。从长远角度来看,他们的目光是何等的短浅!

 

Microsoft's head start will give them the market share lead through 2007, but Sony will win in the long run with almost 60 percent of the market by 2012.

微软的良好开端会使他们在2007年始终领先市场份额,但从长期来看,2012年索尼将以60%的市场份额胜出。

妈妈总是跟我说将来我定会为自己没有放弃弹钢琴而高兴的。

My mother always told me that in the long run I would be glad I didn’t give up the piano.

11) distinguish (L56)

“Miss Baxter,” he says, “could you please send in someone who can distinguish right from wrong?”

巴克斯特小姐,他说: “是否可以请您叫一个能明辨是非的人来?

Can you distinguish between the Carlson's twins? They are so similar it's often difficult to distinguish one from the other.

你能分清卡尔森家的那对双胞胎吗?他俩长得太像了,有时候真的很难分清谁是谁。

 

It is very important to distinguish between facts and opinions in order to have a better understanding of what the reading passage means.

判断真假珍珠的最好办法是什么?

What is the best way to distinguish from/between genuine pearls and fake pearls?

If only I hadn't said those silly words! I was _____________(太年轻,不能分辨是非).

too young then to distinguish right from wrong

2. 2. 2 Sentence patterns

1) 原句:It has often been remarked that the saddest thing about youth is that it is wasted on the young. (L. 1)

人们常说:对于青春来说,最令人悲伤的事情莫过于青春在年轻时被浪费掉了。

句型提炼:

It has often / always been remarked (said) that the saddest (the most pleasing) thing about sth. is that…

人们常常说:对于某事而言,最令人悲伤/ 高兴的事情莫过于 ……

 

应用:

It has often been remarked that the most essential thing about life is that ___________(在事业上有所成就).you can make some achievements in your career

人们常常说:对于婚姻而言,最浪漫的事情莫过于它是由两个相互忠贞不渝的人组成。

It has often been remarked that the most romantic thing about marriage is that it is made up of two people who remain faithful to each other.

2) 原句:According to the survey based on responses from over 188,000 students, today’s college beginners are “more consumeristic and less idealistic ” than at any time in the seventeen years of the poll.   L. 8

根据以188000多名学生的答卷为基础的调查,当今的大学生比这项民意调查开始以来的17年中的任何时候的大学生都更主张消费,但少了点理想

 

句型提炼:

According to the survey based on responses from…, sb. / sth. is more…than at any time in…

根据以……的答卷为基础的调查,某人/某事比……任何时候都更……

 

应用:

根据对2,360位来自10所高校的学生所进行的调查,今天的大学生在情感和心理方面比20世纪70年代任何时期的大学生都更加脆弱。

According to the survey conducted among 2,360 college students from ten different universities and colleges, today’s college students are more vulnerable both emotionally and psychologically than at any time in 1970’s.

According to the survey based on responses from parents, today’s middle-school students ________________(20世纪80年代任何时期的中学生压力都更大).

are under greater pressure than at any time in 1980’s

 

3) 原句:While it is true all of us need a career, preferably a prosperous one, it is equally true that our civilization has collected an incredible amount of knowledge in fields far removed from our own. (L.44)

虽然我们所有人都确实需要一份工作,最好是一份薪水丰厚的工作,但同样确实的是我们的文明已经在远远超越我们各自业务的领域里积累了数量惊人的知识。

句型提炼:

While it is true (that)…, it is equally true that….

虽然的确是,但同样确实的是….

应用:

虽然我们都确实需要进高校深造,最好是一所名牌大学,但同样确实的是我们也应该在社会实践中锻炼自己的能力。

While it is true (that) all of us need to further study at colleges, preferably a famous one, it is equally true that we should improve our capability by joining in social activities.

尽管衣服纯粹服务于一种实用目的,但你的着装方式也会传递很多东西,如你的社会地位、思想状况,甚至你的渴望和梦想。

While it is true that clothing serves a purely practical function, it is equally true that how you dress also communicates many things about your social status, state of mind and even your aspirations and dreams.

Or While it is true that the purpose of wearing clothes is simply practical, it is equally true that he way you dress also sends information / messages about your position in society, about how you feel and think, even about your strong desires and dreams to do or be something.

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