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新视野听说教程第三册听力原文(Unit 7)  

2014-11-30 21:30:59|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Understanding Short Conversations

1. M: What are you doing with two computers on your desk? You can’t possibly be using both.

W: Sure I can. It’s something I learned from reading about Bill Gates. And I’ve found that I can increase my productivity like this.

  Q: Why does the woman use two computers?

 

2. W: What? Late again? You know, you’ll never become a great person, like Bill Gates, if you don’t learn want to be punctual!

  M: Well, maybe I don’t want to be great. In fact, I think I’m OK with the way I am.

Q: How does the man feel?

 

3. M: When I met Michael Jordan, I could feel his energy. He was so positive and energetic.

  W: That’s what people always say about him. I’ve tried to duplicate those exact qualities in my life. And, you know what? I’ve gotten a better job because of it.

  Q: What do people always say about Michael Jordan?

 

4. M: Some great man, like Martin Luther King, Jr., distinguish themselves by standing up for what’s right and never giving in.

  W: You’re exactly right about great men and about King. He was a real hero.

  Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?

 

5. M: Martin Luther King, Jr. is often credited for having been a great speaker, but I think he was a great writer. Don’t you think so?

  W: Sure. I’ve read his book Letters from a Birmingham Jail. It’s impressive.

  Q: Why does the woman mention Letters from a Birmingham Jail?

 

6. W: When accepting the Nobel Prize, King said he didn’t want to embarrass white people, only to gain freedom for his own people.

  M: That’s very kind. And I think all truly great people have had similar spirits.

  Q: According to the man, what is common to truly great people?

 

7. M: Not all great people are famous—take Jack Kilby as an example.

  W: Right. Kilby invented the microchip, and received the Nobel Prize. But only a small part of the public knows of him. It’s very surprising.

  Q: What’s very surprising?

 

8. W: What’s the greatest invention of the last few hundred years?

  M: Let’s see, the light bulb, the car, the phone? No, I think it’s the microchip. Whoever invented that changed the world more than anyone else.

  Q: According to the man, which invention changed the world the most?

 

9. M: You’ve been sitting there at your desk all day. Don’t you think should go outside with the other students for a while?

  W: Nah. If I leave this room, even to go home, I might not accomplish my dreams.

  Q: Where is the conversation taking place?

 

10. W: Our daughter is going to the next Martin Luther King, Jr. I’m sure of it!

   M: Well, I’m not so sure. But she does spend a lot of time fighting for the rights of others. And that’s enough to make a parent proud.

   Q: What is the relationship between the two speakers?

 

Understanding a Long Conversation

M: I’ve been thinking about a hero to model my life upon.

W: What’s this?

M: Well, you see, my teacher asked everyone to write a report on a great person. In the report, we have to go into what made the person great and how we’re going to learn from that person.

W: I see. Why don’t you choose your dad?

M: No. Come on. Ma. My subject must be a great person in history, you know, someone like Martin Luther King, Jr. or Abraham Lincoln.

W: Ah. OK, then why not Martin Luther King, Jr.? He shaped the American civil rights movement of the 1950s and 60s. In 1963, he organized a march on Washington, D.C. that drew 200,000 people demanding equal rights for minorities. When he won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964, he become the youngest recipient ever. I remember watching him on TV and admiring him then. That was years before I gave birth to you and your sister.

M: King would make a good subject. And I can say that I’m going to model myself on him by being brave, like he was when he went to prison for his beliefs.

Q: 1.What did the teacher ask the man to do?

2. What is the relationship between the speakers?

3. What can be inferred from the conversation?

4. When did King organize a march on Washington D.C.?

5. Which of King’s qualities will the man try to develop in himself?

 

Understanding a Passage

Bill Gates, the head of the software company Microsoft, it is one of the world’s wealthiest men. Gates and Paul Allen founded Microsoft in the 1970s, but Allen left the company in 1983. Gates oversaw the invention and marketing of the MS-DOS operating system, the Windows operating system, the Internet browser Explorer, and a number of other popular computer products. Along the way he gained a reputation of fierce competitiveness and aggressive business methods. During the 1990s rising Microsoft stock prices made Gates the world’s richest man; his wealth has at times exceeded $75 billion, making Gates a popular symbol of the powerful computer geeks of the late 20th century. In June of 2006, Gates announced that he would quit in the day-to-day involvement in Microsoft by July of 2008. He said he would remain chairman of the Microsoft board while focusing on his charitable foundation, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Q: 1. What is the speaker talking about?

2. When did Paul Allen leave Microsoft?

3. What part did Gates play in such products as MS-DOS?

4. What made Agates the world’s richest man?

5. What happened in 2006?

 

Supplementary Listening

Task 1

W: What’s is history?

M: Can I answer?

W: Well, sure. I didn’t expect anyone in the class to have an answer. But, OK, what do you think?

M: History is the biography of great men.

W: Do you know who said that?

M: Yeah. Thomas Carlyle in the 18th century.

W: 19th century.

M: Oh, yeah. That’s right. And if we look at history we can see his point. In the 20th century, history was people like Bill Gates. In the 16th and 17th centuries it was Shakespeare. These man defined their eras and their stories are what history is all about.

W: That’s a very good answer. But, you should also know that Carlyle’s ideas about history are no longer in fashion. Historians take a different approach to history nowadays.

M: Really? How do they do that?

W: They think of history as the development of larger societies.

M: Not of individuals?

W: Partly of individuals, but mostly of groups. What tools are people using? What thoughts do people have? These are questions that historians typically have today.

Q: 1. What are the speakers talking about?

2. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

3. When did Thomas Carlyle live?

4. What was Carlyle’s idea?

5. How does the approach of today’s historians differ from that of Carlyle?

 

Task 2

Change is a word that can be bring either fear or excitement. It is human nature to oppose change because it requires us to cross into the unknown. As a result, most people fight harder to keep from losing something they are familiar with than in seeking potential benefits form something new.

The workplace now is not just changing, but it is changing at even faster pace. Technology is the thrust behind the appearance of the new economy. It is opening up new opportunities for business to operate more efficiently and competitively.

Workers of all backgrounds should pay attention to the changes taking place throughout the economy. Communication skills, leadership abilities and an ability to work with a team will decide a person’s value and the ability to succeed in the new economy. People will be called upon to take ownership of their work. This requires new and mature thinking on the part of employees.

The sooner we embrace the changing economy, the bigger the jump we can make.

 

Q: 1. What is the speaker talking about?

2. What does human nature encourage?

3. What is a feature of present-day business that was absent in the past?

4. What will help decide a person’s value at the workplace?

5. What will a person need to take ownership of their work?

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