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新视野听说教程第三册听力原文(Unit 6)  

2014-11-23 22:25:50|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Understanding Short Conversations

1. W: we were stuck by an earthquake last week, storms this week, and reports show a tornado is on its way! What did we do to deserve this?

M: Deserve has nothing to do with it. It’s nature. We’ve just got to ready ourselves against it.

Q: How does the man feel?

 

2. W: I’m worried our home won’t stand up to an earthquake if one should come.

M: Perhaps not. But I built it to withstand a flood, and I think it should do that just fine. After all, floods are our concern in this region, not earthquakes.

Q: What was the man thinking about when he built his house?

 

3. W: Did you see the news? An earthquake hit Japan today.

M: oh, that’s terrible. Just a week ago, there were earthquake in the US and China. I hope we can learn to protect ourselves from them.

Q: What is the conversation about?

4. M: Many voters are concerned about the rising costs of fuel.

 

W: I think they’re being a little shortsighted. Rising fuel costs are good for the environment, because higher costs force people to consume less resources.

Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?

 

5. W: Is it just my imagination, or are the winters not as cold as they used to be?

M: I don’t think you’re imagining it. Many other people are saying the same thing. And some are worried that it’s signaling something bad to come.

Q: What do some people expect?

 

6. M: If anyone knows a better energy source than oil, share your idea with the class.

W: I might have an answer. Wind power is renewable, clean and can be obtained in more places than oil.

Q: What can be inferred from the conversation?

 

7. M: you’re too young to remember, but in the 1970s there was a terrible energy crisis.

W: I’ve read about it. And if we want to avoid another one, and protect what we have, I think we must learn how to conserve our resources.

Q: What has the woman read about?

 

8. W: you’ve been standing here all day. What are you doing?

M: I’m talking to people about our shrinking forests. It’s a very important issue. If forests aren’t protected, we won’t have any trees left.

Q: What is the man doing?

 

9. M: New regulations will require most factories to reduce waste output by 30—35%.

W: Some will only have to cut waste by only 2 or 3%. But we’re going to be hit hard by this new law. We’re going to get it down by 50%.

Q: how much will the speakers’ factory have to cut waste by?

 

10. W: Can you go upstairs, gather the newspapers in your room, and bring them downstairs, honey? I’m going to make a run to the recycling plant.

M: Can I do it after school? I’m really in a hurry.

Q: Where are the speakers?

 

Understanding a Long Conversation

W: today we’re very lucky to have with us a special guest. So I want you all to say hello to Official Mitchell.

M: Thank you, Ms. Lewis. I’m here to tell you about being safe during an earthquake. To start, does anybody have any questions? Anybody? Anyone at all? Would anyone like…

W: Official Mitchell, I think the students are a little shy. How about I ask you some questions/

M: Sure. That’d be fine.

W: What should I do in an earthquake?

M: you should find a secure location to wait it out, like under a heavy table of desk, or in an interior hallway where you can brace yourself between two walls. Doorways are the safest places to stand, thanks to the strong beams overhead. However, watch out for swinging doors. And stay away from windows.

W: What if I’m outside?

M: In that case, you should get into an open area, away form falling buildings, trees, and other things. And if you’re in a crowded public area, you should crouch low with your hands protecting your head and neck.

W: That sounds like good advice. But what if I’m driving?

M: Then pull over to the side of the road, stop, and wait until the quakes has ended. Remember, earthquakes, like so many other things in nature, are dangerous.

Q: 1. What are the speakers talking about?     

2. Where is the conversation taking place?   

3. Where is the best place to stay inside a building during an earthquake?   

4. Under what circumstance should a person get low and protect his or her head during an earthquake?   

5. Where should a person stop his or her car during an earthquake?       

 

Understanding a Passage

How should we feel when told the earth is going to die? Should we feel responsible? Troubled? Upset? I don’t think so. I’ve come to realize that mankind is unable to “kill” the earth. Yes, we can change it. But he earth has been changed before, and has not died yet.

For example, during the past 1.65million years, there have been four major, and many minor, episodes of global cooling. These episodes resulted in the southward surge of huge fields of glacial ice in both North America and Eurasia. These episodes also caused great migrations of animals and plants. And yet, the earth remained.

The earth also survived greater changes, ones that caused mass extinctions of animals. During a six-to-eight-million-year time period around 380 million years ago, only 300 species groups were left in existence. And still, the earth remained. It would’ve survived if only 250 or 200 groups had lived, or even 100.

So what should we do when we are told that the earth will die? Well, we probably shouldn’t listen. The earth will survive. We, on the other hand, may not. And so, it is in our best interest to conserve resources and defend ourselves against natural disasters.

Q: 1. What is the speaker talking about?

2. What caused great migrations of animals and plants?

3. How many groups of species were left around 380 million years ago?

4. What should we worry about most?

5. What should we defend ourselves against?

 

Supplementary Listening

Task 1

W: What’s keeping you from joining the environment movement?

M: You’re gonna start bothering me about that again? Didn’t Mom and Dad tell you to leave me alone about this talk?

W: We’re grown people. Mom and Dad can’t order me to do anything I don’t want to do.

M: Or stop doing anything, either, right? But really, I don’t want to be bothered with environment movements.

W: Why not?

M: I don’t have the time.

W: You’re kidding, right? You played computer games all day yesterday. You have time.

M: Well, I don’t think it’s important.

W: What? Rising pollution, growing deserts, warming temperatures, striking forests…they aren’t important? Hey now, all of these problems are going to lead to the end of human beings on this planet. Not just trouble. But end. Nothing. Zero.

M: Stop being boring!

W: I’m not being boring! I’m telling you the facts about condition of the world!

M: OK, OK, OK…Think of it from my perspective. If the world is going to end for people, time is even more precious, right?

W: Yeah…

M: So I don’t want to waste my time by joining an environment movement or by talking about boring things with you.

W: I’m going to tell Mom you said that.

M: Mom isn’t the boss of me.

Q: 1. What are the speakers talking about?

2. What is the relationship between the two speakers?

3. How does the woman feel about her parents?

4. What did the man do yesterday?

5. What can be inferred from the conversation?

 

Task 2

Heart-breaking stories of hunger are not starting to flow out of the West African nation of Niger. Though the problem for the Niger is great, the broader fact is that the country’s 2.9 million hungry people are just a fraction of Africa’s 31.1 million people without food. Despite progress in boosting democracy, ending wars, and furthering economic growth, Africa is the only region in the world becoming less and less able to feed itself. Reasons include the relentless spread of desert, high population growth, bad governance, and the world community’s flawed hunger-response system.

Things are moving in the wrong direction. If we look at Africa as a whole, all the projections are that poverty and hunger are going to get worse.

In 1970, Africa had 10 million starving children. By 1997 there were 18 million. The global trend, meanwhile, moved in the opposite direction: 203 million hungry children in 1970 down to 166 million in 1997.

Aid is now flowing in. Last Thursday and Friday, 306 tons of beans and oil were delivered. On Friday, 28 tons of high-energy biscuits were flown in from Italy. On Saturday, a French aid organization sent 20 tons of milk and food. The UN now says it will double the number of people it plans to feed, to 2.5 million.

Q: 1. What is the speaker talking about?

2. How many people lack food in Africa?

3. What is one reason for food shortage in Africa?

4. What is the trend the speaker mentions?

5. What does the UN intend to do?

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