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Summary of Passages in Section A(unit 6-8)  

2010-06-18 21:36:38|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 以下是6-8单元课文A的概要,供参考,第九单元缺。

                      Summary of Section A (Unit 6)

Summarize the text with the following phrases:

1. make a difference

2. lead to success

3. suggest qualities

4. specific images

5. a positive sense

6. name stereotyping

7. prejudices against

8. affect one’s evaluation

The author describes ways names can make a difference. After changing her name Debbie into Lynne, a woman is now very successful in her career. Although changing one’s name does not necessarily lead to success, names are indeed very important in people’s life, because they can suggest qualities. And names are attached to specific images. A name with positive sense is good for a person and can encourage one to have new friends.

But sometimes people make the mistake of name stereotyping and have prejudices against or in favor of certain names. Such prejudices may affect instructors’ or examiners’ evaluation of students’ classroom achievement, objectively graded IQ, achievement tests and also student’s popularity with their peers. So the writer suggests if your name doesn’t suit you, you can change your name.

Summary of Section A (Unit 7)

Summarize the text with the following phrases:

1. find from a survey

2. more materialistic

3. major objective    

4. meaningful life

5. less profitable courses          

6. on the rise 

7. on the decline 

8. reach maturity

9. come to realization    

10. for life as well as for career 

11. do more to society

12. purpose of education          

13. develop a moral sense   

14. distinguish right from wrong

15. meet students’ demand  

16. insight into life

The author found from a survey that nowadays some college students are more materialistic and less idealistic. Their major objective is to make money rather than pay attention to a meaningful life. Interest in some less profitable courses like teaching and humanities is on the decline while the interest in some profitable courses like business and computer science is on the rise. When people reach maturity, they will come to the realization that education can prepare people for life as well as for a career.

People can do much more to society than just make money. The purpose of education is not only to prepare students for a comfortable life but also to help them develop a moral sense and to have the ability to distinguish right from wrong. The author then calls on educators to meet students’ demand for a career education and at the same time to provide the latter with more insight into life.

 

Summary of Section A (Unit 8)

Summarize the text with the following phrases:

1. frequent anger and overwhelming stress

2. take charge of your life

3. tremendous and rapid increases in their blood pressure

4. crazy heart rhythms

5. FUD factors—fear, uncertainty and doubt

6. the root of their stress

7. a feeling that everything must be perfect

8. a lack of compass in life

9. the NICE factors—new, interesting, challenging experiences

10. set your priorities in your life

11. flow rather than fight or flee

Frequent anger and overwhelming stress may be harmful to your health. To solve this problem, you have to learn to take charge of your life and recognize there are many things beyond your control. For those who are hot reactors, being tense may cause tremendous and rapid increases in their blood pressure. Researchers have also found that excess alarm or stress chemicals can literally burst heart muscle fibers, causing crazy heart rhythms. 

The main predictors of destructive levels of stress are the FUD factorsfear, uncertainty and doubt—together with perceived lack of control. For many people, the root of their stress is anger, which either comes from a feeling that everything must be perfect (especially professional women) or is caused by a lack of compass in life. The NICE factorsnew, interesting, challenging experiences—are recommended to calm yourself down. You have to set your priorities in your life and change them if necessary. In order to face all the problems beyond your control, you have to learn how to flow rather than fight or flee.

第九单元(缺)

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