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新视野大学英语视听说教程第二册录音文本(8-10单元)  

2010-05-16 16:57:35|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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                          Unit 8

II. Listening Skills

To keep our children safe from those dangerous criminals, these tips might be helpful. First, children should be encouraged always to ask permission from their caregiver before they go anywhere .They should not only tell the care giver where they will be at all times, but also who will be looking after them. also, children should never walk or ride their bikes alone. Instead, they should travel in groups whenever possible. more importantly, children should be taught to stay away from strangers, though they may offer to show them a puppy or give them candy.children should be taught to say “no” and run, scream, or fight if necessary. moreover,children should be told that no problem is too big or too small to ask grown-ups. in fact,it is never too late to ask for help ,and to keep asking until they get the help they need. last but not least ,we should realize that many child-attack cases involve a family member or family friend, for example, a stepfather, sister’s boyfriend, babysitter, neighbor, and so on.

 

III. Listening In

Task 1: Robbing the Left Shoe

Girl:        Yes, I’d like to report a mugging.

Police Officer: Okay. can you tell me exactly what happened?

Girl:         well, I was walking home from work when this woman knocked me right off my right off my feet, seized my stuff, and ran off. I was so scared that I didn’t go after her.

Police Officer: Can you describe the woman for me?

Girl:         Yeah. He is quite tall, about six foot three.

Police Officer: Wait. You said a woman robbed you.

Girl:         Well, I’m not really sure.[Hmm.]You see, the person was wearing a white dress,a light red sweater over it ,and she or he was wearing a pair of basketball shoes.

Police Officer: [Hmm] What else can you remember?

Girl:         Well, the person…had a beard.

Police Officer: Ah. The “Bearded Woman” has struck Again!

Girl:        The “Bearded Woman”?

Police Officer: Well, this “bearded Woman” is a man. He dresses up like a woman and, for some unknown reasons, likes to take the left shoe from his victims. He’s really harmless and usually returns the shoe to the crime scene a couple of days later.

Girl:         Hey, he can keep my shoe, and I’ll just take off my left shoe every time I walk through the park.

1. F   2. T    3. F   4. T   5 F

 

Task 2: Smuggling

A young man comes up to the border on his bicycle. He has two large bags over his shoulders. The border guard stops him and says,” What’s in the bags?”

“Sand,” answers the young man.

The guard is a bit suspicious and asks the young man to open the bags for inspection. The guard empties the bags, but finds nothing in them but sand. Then he has the sand analyzed, only to discover that there is noting but pure sand in the bags. So the young man is allowed to ride across the border with his sandbags.

A week later, the same young man presents himself at the border with his bags. The guard asks,” What have you got?” “Sand,” says the young man.

The guard does his thorough examination and discovers that the bags contain nothing but sand. He gives the sand back to the young man who then rides across the border on his bicycle with the sandbags.

This happens every week for three years. Finally, the young man no longer appears at the border crossing. Many months go by and the border guard meets the young man in an expensive cafe.

“Hey,” says the guard,” for three ears you were smuggling something through my crossing station. It’s driving me crazy. Just between you and me, what were you smuggling?” The young man drinks his coffee and says, “Bicycles.”

 

1. B   2.D   3.C   4.A   5.C

 

Task 3: Who’s the Murderer?

A passing police car heard loud screams and responded immediately. When the police arrived at the scene, hey found Pete’s dead body in his backyard, with man knife wounds and blood everywhere. The officer immediately went to question the three neighbors that had been outside in the past thirty minutes.

Blake Smith had just finished painting his porch when the officer came. A young, polite man, Blake wiped his hands on his clean jeans before shaking hands, and said,” I really didn’t see or hear anything,” he added apologetically. Nelson Brown had been in his garden, right next door to the victim’s yard. He said,” I was in and out of the house. Weeding.” His hands were dirty. Then he added,” Inside, I was repairing a chair, It all must have happened when I was indoors. Sorry.”

Kenny Green’s story seemed less believable.” I was on a ladder, washing my windows,” the middle-aged man admitted. The officer could see that Kenny’s yard overlooked the victim’s. But Kenny claimed,” I never looked over into Pete’s yard, nor did I hear anything.”

Now the officer believed that one of the guys was lying. Who was this man?

 

1.A   2.B   3.D   4.C   5.D

 

IV. Speaking Out

Model 1 Bye-bye, bully!

Se-Jin: john, do you mind if I ask you something?

John: No, what is it?

Se-Jin: you seem nervous. Is that big guy still bullying you?

John: Yeah. Today he wanted me to give him some money. He even pushed me when I said no.

Se-Jin: That’s terrible! You have to talk to a teacher about this.

John: I thought about that, but I’m afraid that everyone will think I’m a coward.

Se-Jin: your safety is more important than what other people think.

John; But telling a teacher could make things worse. The big guy warned me not to .

Se-Jin: Of course he did! He doesn’t want to get into trouble. Look, if you’re still worried, tell the teacher not to mention your name when she talks to him.

John: Good idea. But I think I can deal with him on my own.

 

 

SAMPLE DIALOG

A: Hi, can I talk to you for a minute?

B: Sure, what is it?

A: You look worried. Are you still being bullied by that big boy in you class?

B: Yeah. Today he asked me to help him cheat in the final exam.

A: That’s too bad! You have to talk with your parents about it.

B:I thought about that, but I’m afraid that other people will laugh at me if I turn to my parents for help.

A: Don’t be silly. It’s more important to protect yourself.

B: Maybe you are right. I should tell this to my parents, and they will give me some advice.

 

 

Model 2 My house has been robbed!

Operator: Colchester Police Station. Can I help you?

Jane: I hope so. My house has been robbed.

Operator: Where do you live?

Jane: 2B Southbank Road.

Operator: When did you discover the burglary

Jane: When I got home from work. About five minutes ago.

Operator: Was anything stolen?

Jane: yes. All my jewelry’s gone, and my computer too. And they wrote dirty words all over my walls.

Operator: How did they get in ?

Jane: They forced the back door.

Operator: An officer will be round in about half an hour. Please don't touch anything.

SAMPLE DIALOG

A: Broadway Police Station. May I help you?

B: I hope so. My house has been broken into.

A: Where do you live?

B: 43 Main Street.

A: When did you find out about the break-in?

B: When we got home from the theater. About two minutes ago.

A: How did they break in?

B: They forced open the back door.

A: Was anything stolen?

B: Yes. All my cash in the drawer, and my mobile phone too. And they broke all the glass.

A: OK, an officer will come in about 20 minutes. Please don’t leave fingerprints anywhere.

 

Model 3  We should create harsher sentences for bootleggers.

Jane: It’s about time that the government got tough with bootleggers. Their fake liquors have already killed several people.

Peter: Yeah, that’s too high a price to pay. It’s almost a rip-off. The bootleggers use industrial alcohol to cut costs and increase profits.

Jane: Perhaps we should cut taxes on liquor. With lower taxes, bootlegging will decrease.

Peter: But that can create a new problem. That’s not in agreement with the WTO rules.

Jane: I think through negotiation with other nations, perhaps we can cut taxes under the WTO framework.

Peter: That may be tough. Perhaps a better solution is to create harsher sentences for bootleggers.

Jane: I agree. Our country needs a special team to deal with this problem. Then we can crack down on bootlegging.

SAMPLE DIALOG

A: It’s time the government took stricter standards control on cosmetic products. The low quality cosmetics have caused various skin diseases among users.

B: Yeah, the producers use harmful ingredients to lower costs and add profits.

A: Perhaps taxes on cosmetics should be cut. With lower taxes, low quality cosmetic products will be less profitable and decrease.

B: But there is a new problem. Cutting taxes goes against the WTO rules.

A: I think by negotiating with other countries we can reduce taxes.

B: That may be hard. Maybe the best idea is to take stricter standards control on cosmetic products.

A: I agree. We should have some regulations to keep a check on the production and marketing of cosmetic.

 

V. Let’s Talk

Texas Police Arrest Oldest Bank Robber

Texas police say they have arrested a 90-yeard-old man, Henry Robert, who is accused of robbing a bank, probably making him the oldest bank robber in U.S. history.

Police said Robert, who was not armed, asked a teller to put money into a large envelope with the word “robbery” written on it. A witness took down on the license number of his car, and he was arrested on a highway about 15 miles outside the city.

If he is proved guilty, Robert will face from ten to twenty years in prison. He told police he needed the money, and he had a complaint against banks.

Robert left a prison in Florida, where he was the oldest prisoner in the state, about a year ago. Before that, he served a three-year sentence for a bank robbery in Florida in 1999.

In a prison interview with a journalist, Robert said he had been a businessman in Texas but had fallen on hard times. He said he robbed his first bank when he was about 80 because he wanted to revenge against banks.

“A bank that I’d done business with had forced me into bankruptcy. I have never liked banks since,” he told the journalist.” I decided I would get even. And I have.”

 

7         4  5  6  8  3  2  1 

Possible Retelling for the Teacher’s Reference

As the title suggests, the 90-year-old Henry Robert the Texas Police arrested may turn out to be the oldest bank robber in history. Let me describe him from the very beginning.

When he was 80 years old he robbed his first bank in Florida because he wanted to get even with banks. For this robbery he received a three-year sentence in a Florida prison in 1999. A year ago he was set free. However, he continued with his outlaw career. In Texas, he robbed again, using an envelope labeled “Robbery”. He asked the teller to put money into the envelope. Unluckily for him, a witness took down the license number of his car that was parked outside. So he was arrested on a highway not far away from the city. He is now 90 years old, and therefore he is probably the oldest bank robber in American history. If proved guilty, he will be sentenced to ten to twenty years in prison.

 

VI. Further Listening and Speaking

Task 1: Describing a Robbery

Detective: Okay, Ms. Brown, just calm down. Could you start from the beginning and tell me what happened?

Janet:    Well, let’s see. I was sitting at the table near the window when two men rushed in and told everyone to freeze.

Detective: Can you describe the man

Janet:    One was tall and with a long coat on. The other was shorter in a red jacket.

Detective: After they burst in what did they do?

Janet:    Well. The tall one pointed his gun at the clerk and told him to open the cash register. The short one was watching the rest of us. The clerk hesitated a minute and just then the restaurant manger came out of his office. That surprised the thieves.

Detective: Yeah, let’s see… The manger’s name is Mr. Jackson. I guess he had the key to the safe?

Janet:    Yeah! That’s right! Because the thieves told him to open the safe. The short one went with him. As the manger turned to go back to the office, he told the clerk to cooperate with him.

Detective: Did the boss open up the safe?

Janet:    Yeah, he went back into the office and opened it. He seemed pretty calm, not like the customers. I think that guy deserves a medal or something.

Sam:     You all do. Living through a robbery is a tough experience.

1. everyone   freeze

2. tall        long coat      shorter      red jacket

3. his gun     the clerk      open        the rest of the people

4. key        safe

5. calm       customers     a medal

 

Task 2: Two Concert Tickets

After shopping for most of the day, a couple return to find their car has been stolen. They go to the

police station to make a full report. Then, a police officer drives them back to the parking lot to

see if any evidence can be found at the scene of the crime. To their surprise, the car has been

returned. There is an envelope on the windshield with a note of apology and two tickets to a

concert. The note reads, “I apologize for taking your car, but my wife was having a baby and I

had to use your car to rush her to the hospital. Please forgive the inconvenience. Here are two 

tickets for tonight’s concert.” The couple feel relieved. After all, most human beings are kind, they

think. They go to the concert and return home late. They find their house has been robbed.

Valuable goods have been taken. And there is a note on the door reading, “Well, you still have

your car. I have to put my newly-born kid through college somehow, don’t I?”

1. B   2. C  3.A  4. D  5. A

 

Task 3: Who stole the vase?

Amy, the richest woman in town, threw a party. It was crowded and turned out to be a huge

success, until about 12:00 a.m. That’s when Amy noticed that her valuable vase was missing from

the entry hall table. When the police chief arrived, he asked each visitor to make a statement.

Phillip McDonald stepped forward, saying, “I was one of the first to arrive, about the sane time as

Julie Becker. I never once left the house. If people don’t remember me, it’s because I spent most of

time in a bedroom, watching a basketball game.” The chief took down what Phillip’s said, then

told him he could go.  Rod Bush was the next. He also claimed that he had never left the house,

though he did step out onto a second story balcony, but it was so cold that he came back in

immediately. Julie Becker was the third to make a statement She also claimed never to have left or

seen anything. “I spent much of the party moving from group to group and eating the various

tables.” The chief told her to leave, too, and watched as she went into the hall and took her coat

from the top of a crowded coat rack. Now the chief started to suspect one of the three guests.    

1.C  2.D  3.A  4.B  5.A 

 

Speaking

Protecting Intellectual Property Rights

Richard: I understand why publishing houses have called for a crack down on illegal copies of

        books. It’s a big loss for them if everyone buys pirated books instead of paying the full

        price.

Nancy:  I agree. If the publishers don’t take action against illegal publications, they and the

        authors of the books lose money. Then the publishers have to save money by lowering

        the quality of their books.

Richard: That’s why intellectual property rights have to be protected. It will do do good not only

        for the publishers, but to consumers as well.

Nancy:  You said it. I’m all for protecting intellectual property rights. But I also think books are

        getting more expensive every day, and some students have no choice but yo buy cheap

        books.

Richard: I beg to disagree. There is no excuse for college kids to buy mobile phones and then say                  

        they can’t afford books.

Nancy:  But to really solve the piracy problem, we need cheaper books as well as harsher

        punishments.

 

                                   Unit 9

II Listening Skills

crashing into a building

Italian investigators are trying to discover what caused a small private plane to crash into Milan’S tallest building on Thursdaykilling at least threeinjuring dozens more and making a big hole in the 32-story building

The aircraft was piloted by a 68-year-old Swiss manIt hit the 26th floor of the tower in an apparent accident at 548 Pm.,I 8 minutes after taking off, Italian officials said

An Italian police officer said they had no evidence of fl link to terrorismAn intelligence official in Washington told the media thatin spite of past warningsthere was no information about a possible terrorist attack aiming at Italy

Milan fire brigade officials said the aircraft had only the pilot and no passengersaccording to the flight planIt was on fire as it flew into the towerThere was an explosion in the building when the tour-seat plane hitbut there was no danger that the building would collapsethe police said

Agent, event, time and cause/ reason

Detailed description

The plane

Privatefour-seathaving only the pilot

The building

32-story

The pilot

A 68-year-old Swiss man

The accident

A plane crashing into the building

The results 

Killing at least three people, injuring dozens more and

making a big hole in the buildingbut no danger of the

building’s collapse.

Time   

5:48p.m,18 minutes after taking 0ff

Reason

Not knownNo evidence of a link to terrorism

 

IIIListening In

Task 1The Seatbelt

LisaDo you wear the seatbelt every time you drive or ride a car?

MikeNoseatbelts are for chickensBesidesI’m a great driver

LisaThe chances of being injured in a car accident this year are 1 in 75. I think thats worth thinking about seriously

MikeHave you ever been involved in an automobile accident?

LisaOnly once·My car slid on a rainy night and went off the roadFortunately 1 was wearing my seatbelt

MikeI’ve never had a serious accident

Lisa My brother was more unlucky than 1 wasLast December he was almost killed in an accidentHe was in the back seat of his friend’s car when it rolledHe wasn’t wearing a seatbeIt

MikeWow, that’s terrible

Lisa  Fastening your seatbelt should be an automatic thing as soon as you get into your carBut t00 many people still refuse to wear seatbelts j  

MikeIt’s just hard for me to get in the habit of wearing one  

LisaAll it takes is one close-call and you’ll wear your seatbeIts

Mike0.K.,I’ve got the messageFrom now on I’11 hook up my seatbeIt

 

1.T   2.F   3.T  4.F  5.F

 

Task 2:How many parachutes are left?

Script

There were three passengers in a plane that had a sudden engine trouble. One was the smartest man in the world, another was a lawyer, and the other was a little girl. The pilot told them they must jump out to lighten the weight on board; otherwise, the plane would crash. However, there were only two parachutes. The smartest man in the world jumped to his feel and shouted, "The people who would benefit the world the most should get the parachutes. I'm the smartest man, so !' m one of those." With that, he seized a parachute and threw himself out of the plane.

The lawyer looked at the little girl and said, "I've led a good long life, and you're just starting yours. You take the other parachute.."                                                                                  
With tears in her eyes, the little girl said, "That smart man was very unreasonable. Just now he grabbed my school bag and jumped out. Morn will scold me for losing the bag. But at least 1 have a parachute."

 

1. Four. They were the smartest man in the world, a lawyer, a girl and the pilot.      

2. The plane was going to crash, but there were only two parachutes.

3. Those who would benefit the world most should get the parachutes. Being smart, he was one of those people.

4. Because he had led a good long life and the girl was just starting her life, and he believed there was only one parachute left.

 

1. Why did the little girl cry?

B) The smart man took her school bag.

2. How many parachutes were left for the lawyer and the girl?

C) Two.

 

Task 3:Why did you stop at a green light?

One daytwo friends were driving downtown when they came to an intersection with a traffic lightThe light was red but the driver sped right through the red lightThe passenger looked in terror at the driver and shouted,“What the hell are you doing? You‘re going to get us killed!!¨

The driver replied.“Don’t worry, my mom always drivers like thisand she is all right.”Laterthey came to another traffic lightand that too was redAgain the driver shot right through the lightAgain the passenger looked at the driver and shouted.“I thought I have told youyou would get US killed! Would you please stop this nonsense

The driver looked at the passenger and answered”All right! I get itbut I told you my mom drove like this all the time! And shes quite OK.”

They came to another traffic lightIt was greenThe driver slammed 011 the brakessuddenly stopping the car.,The passenger was thrown forward.“What on earth are you doing?he screamed.“This is the third time you almost got US killedWhy did you stop at a green light?

Well,”said the driver,“my mom might be coming the other way.”

1,D   2,A   3,B  4.C   5.C

 

IV  Speaking Out

MODEL 1  I had a bad fall off my bike

BobLaurawhat happened to you? You look a mess

LauraAnd I feel even worse than I lookI had a bad fall off my bike.

Bob how did it happen?

Laurai was riding along the road when a dog began barking at me  .I turned to have a

       lookand I bumped into another bike

BobThen what happened? Did the dog attack you?

LauraLet me finish… I’ll give you all the details. I went off the front of my bike and

landed on the roadI hurt my head when I landed

Bob You could have been hit by a car!

LauraFortunately there were no cars on the road at the time1 was lucky

BobThe dog was to blame.

LauraBut I can’t blame the dogAll dogs bark

BobYou should be more careful in the future .

LauraSureyou are rightI may be hard-headed but I’m not thick-headed.

 

Now Your Turn

SAMPLE DIALOG

A: What’s the matter with you? You look terrible

B: Too bad. I fell off my bike

A: How come you fell off?

B: 1 was riding along the roadthinking about the examwhen the driver behind me suddenly honked his horn1 was SO startled that I crashed into another bike

A: Then what happened? Were you hurt?

B: Let me finishI’11 give you all the details1 went off the front of my bike and landed on the road. I hurt myarms and elbows when I landed

A: That’s terribleThe driver was to blame

B: He had the right to blow the horn in that section of the road1 was daydreaming

A: You’d better be more careful from now on

B:1 will1 won’t be daydreaming while riding a bike any more.

 

MODEL 2 Your breath smells of alcohol

JohnLovely partyThank youI enjoyed every minute of it.

Laurayou’re slurring your words, and youre unsteady on your feet. Are you all right to drive home?

JohnPerfectI drive better after a few drinks

LauraWellyou’ve had a lot more than a few drinksYour breath smells of alcoholWhat’s that on your key chain? May I see it?

John That? That’s just an old beer bottle openerHey, what’s going on? Those are my car keys

LauraI knowI'm keeping them until tomorrowI’11 call a taxi for you   

JohnNono1 want those car keys back

LauraThey’re mine now

JohnWell? OkayYou winI’ll go by cab.

 

Now Your Turn

SAMPLE DIALOG

AIt’s a great get-together! I had a great time

BWowyou can’t speak clearly or walk steadilyCan you drive home?

ANo problemI drive better under the influence of alcohol

BWellYou’ve had too much drink tonightWe can smell alcohol on your breath a mile away, let me drive you home

Ahey, don’t bother. I can go myself

BCome OnI don’t want to see you in the hospital tomorrow

AOkayThank you

 

MODEL3  I got a ticket this morning

Laura: What’s the matter with you? You look very upset.

Se-Jin: I got a hundred- dollar ticket this morning.

Laura: Oh, that’s too bad. But why?

Se-Jin: It wasn’t my fault. It was that dog.

Laura: What are you talking about? What has a dog got to do with the fine?

Se-Jin: Listen to me. A dog suddenly appeared in my lane. If it wasn’t for the stupid dog.

I wouldn’t have almost hit the police car.

Laura: You could have braked, couldn’t you? How fast were you going?

Se-Jin: Well, it was about 50, or even less. I was driving very slowly.

Laura: Fifty? Don’t you know the speed limit downtown is 40 miles an hour?

 

Now Your Turn

SAMPLE DIALOG

A: What’s happened? You look miserable.

B: I was fined a hundred dollars this afternoon.

A: Oh, what bad luck! But why?

B: I’m not to blame. It was the other car.

A: What are you talking about? Did you have a accident?

B: Listen to me. I was trying to do a U- turn in front of the school gate, when another car came up very fast from behind. If the car hadn’t gone so fast, I wouldn’t run into it.

A: You should have been careful. But I remember correct, U-turn is not allowed at the place.

B: Well, I didn’t know this until the policeman told me.

A: What? Don’t you look at the road sign when you are driving?

V  Let’s Talk

Speeding Ticket

A policeman stops a driver and says to the driver,Siryou were speedingCan I see your licenseplease?The driver replies.“I dont have one.”

You don’t have one?”

The driver answers.“I lost it for drunk driving.”

The policeman is surprised.“I seeWill you show me your vehicle registration papersplease?

“I m sorryI can’t do that.”

The policeman asks.“Why not? 

I stole this car.”

The Officer says,“Stole it?”   

The driver answers,“Yesand I killed the owner.” 

The 0fficer is shocked.“You did what?”

She’s in the trunk if you want to see.”

The officer is horrified and calls for backupWithin minutesfive police cars show upsurrounding the carA police chief cautiously approaches the carasking,“Sircould you open the trunk of your carplease?”

The driver opens the trunkrevealing nothing but all empty trunk

The chief says,“Is this your carsir?”

The driver saysYes.”and hands over the registration papers

The 0fficer iS quite surprised.“0ne of my 0fficers says you dont have a driving license.”

The driver quickly produces his licenseThe chief examines it and finds nothing wrongHe looks puzzled.“Thank yousirOne of my Officers told me you didn’t have a 1icensestole this carand murdered the owner.”

The man replies,“I bet the lying bastard told you 1 was speedingtoo!

Characters 

Eventsstatements

Reasons

A police officer

polls over a driver and asks for his driver's license

speeding

The driver

claims to have lost it

drunk driving

The officer

asks for the vehicle registration papers 

surprised 

The driver

says he does not own it 

stole it and killed the owner

The officer

asks the driver to repeat what he said

shocked

The driver

says she is in the trunk

the reason the police officer does not yet know

The officer

calls for backup

horrified

The police chief

comes and asks the driver to open the trunk

evidence of the crime

The driver

opens the trunk

to show his innocence

The chief   

asks for the registration papers and the driver’s license

evidence of the crime or innocence

    I                                                 

The driver

quickly produceshands over both

to show his innocence

 

The chief

says an officer reported that the driver did not have a license, stole his car, and killed the owner

being puzzled and wanting to know the truth 

                                                      

The driver   

bets the officer said he was speedingtoo

to suggest that the accusation of his speeding is false, too

                                                       

 

 

 

 

 

Possible Retelling for the Teacher’s Reference

A police 0fficer pulls over a driver and orders him to produce his driver’s license because he was speedingThe driver claims that he has lost his license for drunk drivingThe officer is surprised and asks him to show his vehicle registration papersThe driver then answers that he does not have those papersfor he stole the car and killed the owner, though nobody knows why he says soThe officer is so shocked that he cannot believe his earsso he asks the driver to say it againTo confirm what he has saidthe driver says the lady’s body is in the trunkBy now the officer

is horrifiedso he calls the police station for supportWhen the police chief arriveshe orders the driver to open the trunk to find evidence of the crimeThe driver opens itbut it is emptyand this shows that he is innocentUnconvincedthe chief asks for his vehicle registration papers and license to see whether he is guilty~,,The driver quickly hands over both to show that he is really innocentThe chief is now puzzledsaying that an 9mcer did report to him that the driver did not have a licensestole the car, and killed the ownerTo thisthe driver answers that he bets the officer must have said he was speeding as wellBy saying sothe driver suggests that the officerS accusation of his speeding must be false too

Discussion

Possible Answer for the Teacher’s Reference

Even if the driver cleverly shows that he is not guilty of stealing the car and killing the owner, this does not necessarily mean he did not speedWe must take all possibilities into consideration

To begin withwe should try to find out whether there is any evidence to show the driver was speedingFor examplewe can check the records of the radar device or police videoor find human witnesses

Failing thiswe may check whether the driver had any record of lying or cheatingor whether he had many previous traffic violations 0r a criminal recordIf sowe can hardly trust his wordsBut this cannot yet provide conclusive evidence of his speeding

We might like to investigate whether the police officer has a record of lying or cheating since his statement contradicts the driver’sThis is normally impossiblefor a habitual liar would have been dismissed from the police forceIn facta policeman is usually assumed to be honest unless proved otherwise in a court of law

If the driver is found guilty of speedinghe should be punished for that as well as for the lies he told about the theft and murder

 

VI  Further Listening and Speaking

Task 1:Emergency Call

Operator:  Hello. This is the emergency 911 operator.

Taxi Driver: Help! Help! Please help me!

Operator:   Yes sir. Please calm down and explain exactly what is happening.

Taxi Driver: Calm down! My car has broken down on the highway; I have a  lady passenger, and she's going into labor.      

Operator:  Now relax, sir. Explain exactly where you are..

Taxi Driver: I’ m...I’ m in the southbound lane of No. 15 Expressway, about 15 miles from the tunnel, and this lady isn't going to wait.

Operator:  Okay. What's your name, sir, and your passenger's?

Taxi Driver: It's... it's Mike, and I have no idea about the woman. She's in no condition to tell me. How soon can someone get here?

Operator:  I've just sent an ambulance to your location. They should be there any second.

Taxi Driver: Hey, is there anything I can do while we wait for the ambulance?

Operator:   Yes, uh, keep her calm and warm.

Taxi Driver: Okay. Please hurry... Oh, they're too late. It's a boy!

 

A taxi driver called the emergency 911 operator, reporting that his car had broken down on the road, and a woman passenger was going into labor. He further explained that he was in the southbound lane of No. 15 Expressway, about 15 miles from the tunnel, and his name was Mike. The operator said an ambulance had been sent and would arrive at any moment. While the operator asked the driver to keep the lady calm and warm, she gave birth to a boy before the ambulance arrived.

 

Task 2:Have a drink!

In the middle of the night, in the middle of nowhere, a woman and a man are involved in a car accident. Both of their cars are damaged, but surprisingly neither of them is hurt.

After they climb out of their cars, the woman says, "So you're a man. That's interesting. I'm a woman. Wow, just look at our cars! There's nothing left. But fortunately we're not injured. This must be a sign from God that we should meet and be friends and live together in peace for the rest of our days."

The man replies, "I agree with you completely. This must be a sign from God!"

The woman continues, "And look at this, here's another miracle. My car is completely destroyed, but this bottle of wine didn't break. Surely God wants us to drink this wine and celebrate our good luck."

Then she hands the bottle to the man. The man nods his head in agreement, opens it, takes a few large drinks, and then hands it back to the woman. The woman takes the bottle, immediately puts the cork back in the bottle, and puts it away. The man asks, Aren’t you having any?” The woman replies, ' Yes, but not until the police get here."

 

1. Which of the following is true of the accident?

A) Both cars are damaged, but neither of the drivers is hurt.                                 

2. Which of the following is true of what the woman says?

C) God has arranged for the man and woman to become friends.

3. What does the woman say about the bottle of wine?

C) God wants the man and woman to drink it to celebrate.

4. Why does the man drink the wine?

B) He believes he's following God's will.

5. What can we infer from the passage?

D) The woman makes the man appear to have been driving while drunk.

 

Task 3:Pa won’t like it.

Max, a farm boy, accidentally overturned his wagon loaded with corn. The farmer who lived nearby heard the noise.

"Hey, Max!" the farmer shouted. "Forget your troubles. Come in with us, then I'll help you get the wagon up."

"That's mighty nice of you," Max answered, "but I don't think pa would like me to." 

"Come on," the farmer insisted. 

"Well, okay," the boy finally agreed, and added, "but pa won't like it."

After a hearty dinner, Max thanked his host. "I feel a lot better now, but I know pa is going to be really upset."

"Don't be silly!" the neighbor said with a smile. "By the way, where is your pa?"

"Under the wagon."

   1. T  2. F  3. F  4. T  5. F

 

Speaking
A Minor Car Accident

Jill:    I had an accident last week.

Richard: What happened?

Jill:    Somebody bumped into the rear end of my car.

Richard: Were you hurt?

Jill:    No, but my car was damaged.

Richard: You were very lucky that you weren't seriously hurt. Who's to blame for the accident? The other driver?

Jill:    It was not his fault. Seeing a dog running across the road, I suddenly braked. Then the next car crashed into the back of my car.

Richard: Fortunately, you've insured your car.

Jill:    Yes, I have.

                                   

                                  Unit 10

II. Listening Skills

How to Overcome Fears of Flying

If you are afraid of flying, there are specialists who can teach you how to deal with your fears and finally get rid of them.

They will find out if a nearby airport has special training programs for people who are afraid to fly. Many airports do. How would such a program work?

First, a specialist will take your group to the airport to watch the planes take off and land. A representative from one of the airlines will explain how an airplane flies. Then your group will sit in an airplane that stays on the ground. At a later time, you will go up in a plane for a short flight and then land. Gradually the time you spend in the air will increase. When you are prepares for it, the group will take a trip to another city.

 

How to overcome

fears of flying 

Special training programs at an airport

Step 1

Watch the planes take off and land

Step 2

A representative from an airline will explain how a plane flies

Step 3

sit in an airplane that stays on the ground

Step 4

a short flight

Step 5

the time in the air will increase

Step 6

to another city

 

 

III. Listening In

Task 1: Fear of Heights

Tony: Hey, Mary, some of us in the Outdoor Club are going camping this weekend. You interested?

Mary: Gee, I don’t know… where’re you planning to go?

Tony: Up into the mountains… We want to take advantage of the nice weather while it lasts.

Mary: The mountains… you mean climbing them?

Tony: Sure, many places have interesting mountains, but the ones here are the most beautiful I have seen—and only a few hours’ drive from here.

Mary: If I were to go, I wouldn’t appreciate the view. I’d have my eyes shut tight all the time. I’m

     Scares stiff of heights.

Tony: You’ll be missing out on a lot of wonderful views.

Mary: Oh, Tony, I really prefer to stay at the foot of the mountain.

Tony: That’s Ok, Mary. Come anyway. You can skip the climbing—just stay in the camp and cook

     and clean up for us.

Mary: That doesn’t sound like much fun. Maybe I should learn to overcome my fear of heights.

 

camping     the weekend       planning to go        go up into the mountains

climbing     the most beautiful      seen       drive       tight shut 

Scares stiff      wonderful views      the foot of the mountain        skip the climbing

camp         cook and clean up     fun        overcome her fear of heights

 

Task 2: Scared Sleeping

Steven went to a psychiatrist. “ Doctor,” he said, “ I’ve got trouble. Every time I get into bed, I

think there’s somebody under it. I get under the bed; then I think there’s somebody on top of it.

Top , under, top, under. You’ve got to help me! I’m going crazy!”

“ Just put yourself in my hands for two years,” said the doctor. “Come to me three times a week,

and I’ll cure your fears.”

“ How much do you charge?”

“ A hundred dollars a visit.”

“ I’ll think about it,” said Steven.

Six months later the doctor met Steven on the street. “ Why didn’t you ever come to see me

again?” asked the psychiatrist.

“ For a hundred bucks a visit? A carpenter cured me for ten dollars.”

“ Is that so? How?”

“ He told me to cut the legs off the bed!”

 

T   F   F   T    F

 

Task 3: No More Fear

Hi, my name’s Matthew, and I want to talk about my love of water. I had a fear of water when I

was young. That fear kept me away from water. That was because once I was pushed into the

swimming pool by a classmate when I was eight and first arrived in Australia from Vietnam. That

experience was horrible. I was down at the deep end, struggling, and I thought I was going to

drown. It was a big fear. The next thing that happened was my teacher, dressed in full clothes,

jumped in, and rescued me. Then I started to like that teacher who happened to be my English

teacher. My English was broken as English was my second language. I didn’t want to learn

English or speak English. Then I changed. I find it to be an amazing experience. Now my fear

Of water has gone. I just actually love water now, and I’m interested in English as well. I’m a

Bit more, let’s say, a bit more confident in speaking English now, I think. I’m no longer worried

about my broken English. I don’t care if people laugh. I just find it fun to speak English. And I

don’t feel ashamed of myself when other people correct the mistakes in my English.

1.       C) Vietnam  2. D) All of the above.   3. B) He jumped into the pool to save the speaker.

4.        A) English was not his native language.  

5.        A) Because his English teacher saved him from drowning, he came to like both water and    

   English.

 

 

Past

Present

water

The speaker had a fear of water.

He just actually loves it now.

English

His English was broken.

He is more confident in speaking English and

Is not ashamed of / worried about his mistakes.

 

 

IV. Speaking Out

Model 1 Shake off your fear of darkness!

Bob: People are frightened of lots and lots of different things. Are you frightened of anything in particular?

Laura: Well, I’m afraid of walking alone in an open field at night.

Bob: What are you afraid of?

Laura: I don’t know exactly. Sometimes a shadow ahead scares me stiff. Sometimes the sudden cry of a bird or something startles me.

Bob: What are you staying by yourself in a dark room?

Laura: That can be even worse. When it’s absolutely dark and silent, I wouldn’t dare walk anywhere. And I wouldn’t dare make a sound. I just want to hide under a blanket.

Bob: If you are scared of the dark, you’ll miss a lot of interesting experiences.

Laura: I guess so.

Bob: To get the most out of life, you should find a doctor to help you shake off your fear of the dark.

Laura: Yeah, that’s good advice.

SAMPLE DIALOG

A: People are frightened of lots and lots of different things. Are you frightened of anything in particular?

B: Well, I’m scared of dogs.

A: Really? What are you afraid of?

B: I don’t know exactly. They just make me nervous, and I’m scares to death when a dog barks at

  me.

A: If you’re scared of dogs, you’ll miss a lot of fun. They are our good friends.

B: Maybe you are right.

A: To overcome this fear, you could find a doctor to help you get rid of that fear of dogs.

B: That’s a good idea. Thank you.

 

Model 2 I’m afraid I’ll fail

Laura: John, What’s the matter with you? You look so down.

John: We will have a big exam tomorrow in Physics, and I’m afraid I’ll fail.

Laura: Have you been studying?

John: You know me. I study all the time. And I know the material until I step into the exam room.

Laura: What happens then?

John: It’s like I’m two people. Once I pick up the exam paper, all my knowledge is gone.

Laura: That’s hard to believe.

John: But it’s true. My head is filled with a buzzing noise, the words blur on the page, and I can’t think. And…

Laura: And what?

John: And I break into a cold sweat.

Laura: Oh, I feel for you.

SAMPLE DIALOG

A: Oh, what’s the matter with you? You look so glum.

B: We will have an English oral test tomorrow, and I’m worried I’ll fail.

A: Did you practice?

B: You know me. I have been practicing all the time. And I can speak fluently I see the

  interviewer.

A: I can hardly believe it.

B: It’s like I’m two people. I open my mouth but my mind goes blank. I simply can’t think. And…

A: And what?

B: And I stammer.

A: Oh, you have my sympathy.

 

Model 3 Going to the dentist really unnerves me!

Laura: Ouch! This tooth is really bugging me.

John: Maybe you have a cavity. Have you seen the dentist?

Laura: No. I haven’t. Going to the dentist really unnerves me. I try to avoid it like the plague.

John: Come on. Don’t be a chicken! It can’t be that bad!

Laura: I’m not a chicken! But I’ll do anything to stay out of the dentist’s chair.

John: Even when your face is swollen with the bad tooth?

Laura: You bet!

SAMPLE DIALOG

A: I have a bad cold, and I’ve had a low fever for several days.

B: Have you seen the doctor? Maybe you should take an injection.

A: No. I lose courage at the idea of taking an injection. I’ll try to avoid it as much as possible.

B: Come on. Don’t be like a child! It’s all in your mind.

A: I’m not like a child! But I’ll do everything to avoid injections.

B: Even when your cold last for several more days?

A: Sure.

 

 

V. Let’s Talk

Helen’s Story

I’m Helen. Well, it happened a few years ago. I was living in a house with my parents. One

evening I had to prepare myself for an examination at school. I was working in the basement at

my table when my parents went to the city to go shopping. Suddenly, I heard steps on the floor

above me. I knew there was actually nobody in the house besides me. What could I do? I was

terribly frightened because I knew that it must a burglar. We had the windows open to air the

room, so it must be burglar. What could I do? I remembered that I had a toy gun in my cupboard,

so I decide to take the toy gun and go upstairs. Well, I took the toy gun, went out of my room, and

shouted as if there was another person, “ George, take the dog and go outside.” On my way

upstairs, I turned on lights. The burglar must have heard me, and he rushed out of the window the

way he came in.

Well, I was relieved, and then I tried to phone my parents, but I was so terribly frightened that I

wasn’t able to dial the number.

 

Character

Description

Helen

prepared herself for an examination.

was working in the basement.

Her parents

went shopping.

Helen

Heard steps on the floor above.

was terribly frightened.

A burglar

must have come in.

Helen

took the toy gun from the cupboard,

went upstairs, and

shouted, “George, take the dog and go outside.”

turned on lights.

The burglar

must have heard Helen.

rushed out of the window the way he came in.

Helen

phoned her parents.

wasn’t able to dial the number.

 

Possible Retelling for the Teacher’s Reference

Helen is telling us about her horrible experience. One evening she was preparing for her

examination in the basement of her house. Her parents had gone out shopping. Suddenly she heard

footsteps on the floor above. Knowing that she should be the only person at home, she was scared

almost out of her wits. Obviously, a burglar had come in through the window that was left open

for fresh air. Plucking up her courage, Helen took a toy gun from the cupboard and went upstairs.

On the way she shouted, “ George, take the dog out.” Also to frighten the thief, she turned on

some lights. The burglar must have heard all the noise and rushed out of the window where he got

on. Now Helen felt somewhat relieved. She tried to phone her parents, but her trembling hand was

simply unable to dial the number.

 

 

VI. Further Listening and Speaking

Task 1: I hate flying.

Dave: Sue, I haven’t seen you for a while. Where’ve you been hiding?

Sue: Dave, I have some excellent news. I won first prize in the computer software competition.

Dave: That’s wonderful news. What’s the prize?

Sue: I’ve won a trip to Sydney.

Dave: Wow! That’s great—but how will you get there?

Sue: Fly, of course. It’s much too far to swim.

Dave: I hate flying. With just the thought of not having my feet safe on the ground, three things happen: my stomach turns, my face goes pale, and I break into a cold sweat.

Sue: But if you want to travel, you have to fly.

Dave: That’s true. But if I were to fly, I’d have to get some medicines from the doctor.

Sue: That’s must cause you a lot of trouble.

Dave: Well, I have no other choice.

1. prize      software competition

2. a trip to

3. turns      goes pale      breaks into a cold sweat

4. some medicines          the doctor

5. cause / give      a lot of trouble

 

Task 2: Don’t be afraid of the alligators!

While enjoying fishing off the Florida coast, a tourist overturned his boat by accident. He could

swim, but he was afraid of alligators. So he just held tight on to the overturned boat. After a while

he saw a coast guard officer walking close to the shore, and he got excited. He shouted at the

officer, “Are there any alligators around here?” “No,” the man shouted back, “they haven’t been

around for years!” Feeling greatly relieved, the tourist started swimming lazily toward the shore.”

About halfway there he asked the coast guard, just out of curiosity, “How did you get rid of the

alligators?” “We didn’t do anything,” the officer answered. “Wow, how lucky I am,” said the

tourist. The officer then added, “ The sharks got them.

1.       A) He caught hold of the boat.

2.       C) Whether there were any alligators around.

3.       D) No, not for the past years.

4.       B) The sharks killed all of them.

5.       A) A threat was replaced by a bigger threat.

 

Task 3: Fear of Flying

At a recent software engineering management course in the United States, the participants were given an awkward question to answer: “If you had just boarded an airliner and discovered that your team of programmers had been responsible for the flight control software, would you get off immediately? If yes, please put up your hands.” Then a forest of hands were raised, but one programmer called Smith did not put up his hand. When asked what he would do, he replied that he had no fear and would be quite happy to stay on board. “With my team’s software,” he said, “the plane was unlikely to even taxi as far as the runway, let alone take off.”

1. T   2. T  3. F  4. F  5. T

 

Speaking

Snakes frighten me.

Tony: Oh, Nancy, I am looking for you.

Nancy: Well, Sherlock Holmes, you’ve just found me. What’s up?

Tony: The Outdoor Club is going camping this weekend. Care to join us for an adventure?

Nancy: I could be interested, but will there be snakes? I hate snakes; they make me scared stiff.

Tony: Probably not. We’ll be in the mountains, and snakes don’t care for the cold. But there are different kinds of snakes. Poisonous ones like rattlers, and friendly ones like garter snakes. You aren’t afraid of the friendly snakes, are you?

Nancy: Well, if we encounter any snakes, you’ll see how loud I can scream.

Toney: Even if they’re friendly snakes?

Nancy: Yeah, all snakes make my hair stand on end.

 

 

  

 

 

                                                                                                

 

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