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2010-03-27 20:33:25|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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                            Unit 3  Section A 

                                            Marriage Across the Nations

2.Vocabulary development:

1) words: imagine,  compromise,  involve,  hold,  mutual,  counsel,  date,  subsequently,  harbor,  confirm,  suspect,  proceed

2)expressions: work out,  at one’s worst,  take care of,  ups and downs,  be involved with,  go through,  meet with,  harbor reservation,  buy time, 


1sb. sometimes wonder why…某人有时候想知道为什么······

  2upon/on + doing/noun   ······ 就;刚刚 ······

  3) make it clear that…强调;讲明;弄清楚

  4)  If…, Sb… 要是 ······ ······ (虚拟语气)

II. Understanding and learning

1. Pre-reading activities

1. 1 Background information

racism: the belief that race accounts for differences in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others.


 Racism in America 种族主义在美国

In the US, racism is a well known issue. From racial profiling (种族定性)to other issues such as affirmative action, police brutality against minorities and the history of slavery and the rising resentment against immigrants.

在美国,种族主义是一个众所周知的问题。从种族定性到其他诸如平权措施、警察残酷对待少数族裔以及奴隶制历史和不断升级的反移民怨恨等问题。 2. 2. 1 Global reading

2. 1. 1 Understanding the major details of the text

1) In what ways are Gail’s and her father’s views different?

   The strong-willed daughter thought doubt meant no action; she would rather act now and worry later while her father reminded her it was never too late to change her mind.

2) How did Gail’s father and mother react to the news about the wedding plans?

Gail’s mother supported her though she advised her to be sure of marrying for the right reason.. But her father thought Mark might be using this marriage to obtain United States citizenship.

3) What did Mark and Gail learn from their racial and cultural differences?

They learned a great deal about tolerance, compromise and being open with each other.

2. 1. 2 Understanding the organization of the text

Main idea of the text

Gail and Mark decided to marry despite their racial and cultural differences after being together for two years and getting to know each other better, but the plan met with opposition from the girl’s parents. 

Division of the text

Division of the text

Part I (Paras.1-4)

Gail and Mark decided to marry after being together for two years to get to know each other better and learn to take a realistic view on a mixed marriage.

Part II (Paras.5-9)

Their planned marriage met with Gail’s mother’s resistance, who reminded her to be very certain that Mark was the right life-long partner, though she did not oppose their plan because of his color.

Part III (Paras.10-21)

Gail’s father’s reaction to their planned marriage. He quoted statistics and gave examples to persuade his daughter to change her mind.

 2. 2 Detailed reading

2. 2. 1  Words and Phrases

1) imagine (L.1)

We imagine a quiet holiday at home for this summer after a busy year.  v. think of sth. as possible 忙碌了一年,我们设想今年夏天在家过个安静的假期。

She couldn’t imagine living in a small town like this.   ( v. form a mental amage of sth.)




Can you imagine what it would be like to live without electricity?


I can’t imagine anyone cares what I do.


Imagine a few people sitting in a waiting room.v. 想象) (Unit 4-B, Book I)

 2) compromise (L.6)

He asked $1,500 for his old car, but I thought it was only worth $1,000. We finally reached a compromise and I paid $1,250.n. 妥协,和解)



  Both sides are determined to get what they want, and there seems to be no possibility of compromise.

3) involve (L.7)

He was involved with working out a plan.  v. 使专注)



If I were you, I wouldn’t get involved in their problems. (v. 使牵涉,卷入)

      You have involved yourself into the crime.



     It is said that many experts are involved in the research into human brain

4) hold (L.9)

  They carry children , they carry hardships , they carry burdens but they hold happiness , love and joy .v. 贮藏,拥有:)



Life holds many surprises for us.

5)mutual (L.10)  

Their working well together was based on mutual respect, trust and understanding.



Lynn and Phil met through a mutual friend.  a. 共同的)


 6) work out (L.15)

  How the situation will eventually work out only time can tell.  (情况等的)发展。。。。。。


Can you work out what these coded messages mean? ( 理解,弄懂)



Things will work out well if you will just be patient.


 The map is wrong, I can’t work out where we are.


City plannersthe people who design neighborhoodshave begun to work on a solution.Unit 2-B, Book 2


Consequently, we work hard at the task of saving time. (Unit 1-A, Book II)


7) counsel (L.24)

    The school is now providing a service to counsel students. v. advise



He counseled them to give up the plan. counsel sb to do sth


She counseled them not to accept his explanation.

8) date (L.26)

   She has been dating him for several months, but it is still not very serious.v. 约会)



I'll date Nancy for the dance.

9) subsequently(L.27


   They subsequently heard he had left the country. (ad. later, following)


Consequently, we work hard at the task of saving time. (Unit 1-A, Book II)




subsequent 是强调时间顺序上的“后来的,随后发生的”

following 可以是空间上或是时间上“之后的,下列的”

 latter 是指两者相比较时的“后者的,后面的”

next 是强调顺序上紧接着的“下一个的,其次的”


The old school was sold and subsequently turned into a private house.


The following articles have been chosen to be the candidates for the prize.


I found the latter part of the story more interesting.


Mr. Grey lived next door to us when we were in London.

10) harbor (L.28)

  Tiffany‘s been harboring spite against our boss ever since her transfer was refused.v. 心怀,怀有)



The girl still harbored the idea of going abroad.

 11) at one’s worst (L.39)

She was always optimistic, even when things were at their worst.(最差的一面)



at noe’s best: 最好的一面,最佳状态

The flowers are at their best in Spring. 春天是百花盛开的季节。


Chaplin was at his best playing the little tramp.

12) confirm (L.40)

  The announcements confirmed that the election would take place on June 20th. v. prove (a report, an opinion, etc.) true or correct



I’d like to confirm a reservation for a double room on the first of July. (v. make certain)

13) suspect (L.46)

  I suspect the truth of her statement. v. doubt; mistrust


doubt  表示对陈述的内容抱有否定的态度( be uncertain)。接宾语从句时,如果主句为肯定句,用whetherif 连接;若主句为否定句或疑问句,则用that连接。

suspect  表示对陈述的内容抱有肯定的态度(think likely)。后接宾语从句用that连接。

   Please compare the following two sentences:

   We suspect that he is ill.


   We doubt that he is ill.


I suspect the truth of her statement.


We _______ the dog is lost; it always returns home on time.

a. doubt     b. suspect

Key: b  我们怀疑狗丢了,它总是准时回家的。

I don’t _______ he will succeed in his career.

a. doubt     b. suspect

       Key: a

14) take care of (L.50)


You prepare the main course and I’ll take care of dessert. ( be responsible for/ deal with)



Take care to lock the door when you leave.

She was responsible for ensuring that all surgical instruments and materials were accounted for during an operation.

她的责任是确保将手术中的每样手术器械和手术材料都如数清点好。(Unit 10-A, Book I

Obviously Julie knew she was dealing with someone with low mental power.(Unit 6-C, Book I)

15) proceed (L.54)

  Having said how much she liked it, she then proceeded to make critical comments about the way I’d done it. v. 着手,继续进行)


The interview proceeded in a most friendly environment.

 2. 2. 2 Sentence Patterns:

1) 原句:Gail sometimes wondered why I and other blacks were so involved with the radicial issue,… (L.6)


句型提炼:sb. sometimes wonder why…某人有时候想知道为什么······

I sometimes wonder why some people always believe money can talk.


They sometimes wondered why the government was slow in doing something about the pollution problem.

2) 原句:Instead of congratulations upon hearing our news, Deborah counseled Gail to be really sure she was doing the right thing. (L.24)


句型提炼:upon/on + doing/noun   ······ 就;刚刚 ······

upon/on 后接动名词或名词



Upon hearing the news that he was admitted by the university, he began to make plans for his future.


Upon entrance of the players, all the fans began to cheer.

 3) 原句:In fact, he made it very clear when we were discussing marriage that if I had any doubts about anything, I should not hesitate to cancel our plans. (L.51)


句型提炼:    make it clear that…强调;讲明;弄清楚


We should all make it clear that success comes from diligence.


 The survey makes it clear that lung cancer is closely associated with heavy smoking.

4. ..if I had any doubt about anything, I should not hesitate to cancel our plan(L.52)


句型提炼:  If…, Sb… 要是 ······ ······



If you had not been to the party last night, you would not have seen the movie star.


If you acted upon my advice, everything would work out well.


复习用If 引导的虚拟条件句


If 条件句



动词过去式(be 动词一般用were)

should, would, could, might +动词原形



should, would, could, might + have +动词过去分词


were to/should+动词原形

should, would, could, might +动词原形


(1) 在主句中,一般只有主语为第一人称时使用should

(2) 当从句中有were, had, should这样的助动词或情态动词时,可以省略if,用主谓倒装形式。

(3)  有时主句和从句中表示的动作发生的时间不一致,这时动词形式应根据上下文表示的时间来调整,使用交错时态;有时还会考虚拟语气与陈述语气混合使用的现象。


(1) If the whole operation ______ beforehand, a great deal of time and money would have been lost.

 A. was not planned     B. has not been planned   

C. were not planned      D. had not been planned

(2) Jean doesn’t want to work right away because she thinks that if she ______ a job she probably wouldn’t be able to see her friends very often.

A. has to get        B. were to get     

C. had got         D. could have got

(3) If I hadn’t stood under the ladder to catch you when you fell, you ______ now.

A. wouldn’t be smiling    B. couldn’t have smiled

C. won’t smile           D. didn’t smile

(4) Some women ______ a good salary in a job instead of staying home, but they decided not to work for the sake of the family.

A. must make     B. should have made    C. would make     D. could have made

(5)  _______ before we depart the day after tomorrow, we should have a wonderful dinner party.

A. Had they arrived         B. Would they arrive  

C. Were they arriving        D. Were they to arrive

If you were not here, I would be in trouble.

2. 3 Guided writing

A paragraph of Denial of Some Opinions Followed Some Other Opinions

One of the common ways to present opinions or arguments is first to reject or correct some opinions or arguments and then on the basis of that, we have the opinions or arguments that are intended to be conveyed.

In Passage A. the writer uses one of the common ways to present one’s opinion. The structure can be described in the following chart.




Presentation of some idea, opinions or arguments.





Correction or rejection of the ideas, opinions or arguments.




Presentation of some other, or different or even opposing ideas, opinions or arguments.

Facts, or reasons, or examples to support the ideas, opinions or arguments presented.






Let’s look Paragraph 7 of Passage A as an example:

The mother’s original opinion: To start with I must admit that at first I harbored reservations about a mixed marriage, prejudices you might even call them

The mother present other’s opinion: Yes, my friends talk. Some even express shock at what you’re doing.







The mother corrects her original opinion: But when I met Mark I found him a charming and intelligent young guy. Any mother would be proud to have him for a son-in-law. So, color has nothing to do with it.

Then the mother rejects that opinion, too: But they live in a different world. So you see, Mark’s color is not the problem.







Structures for writing:

1) Some people think/ thought…(because….). 2) But I don’t quite agree with….(but this viewpoint cannot arouse any echo in my mind). 3) In my mind,…. because ….. firstly …., secondly…. then….(as a result…)


For your practice:

What Attitude Should We Take to Money


(1) 社会上对金钱的错误观念。

(2) 分析批驳其错误所在。


Reference model:

With the arrival of market-based economy, money is becoming more and more important in our life. Therefore, many people come to believe that money is above everything else in their life. But their belief could not arouse any echo in my mind. In my mind, money is nothing but a means to an end. It is true that without money we cannot do many things such as buying food and clothes, but it cannot buy health and happiness and even a day of joy. Secondly, it cannot buy diplomas or knowledge as well. And what’s more, laying too much emphasis on money will lead one to make money by all means and even doing some crimes.


3. Post-reading

3. 1 Useful expressions

1) 沉浮,兴衰; 好运和坏运(或好心情和坏心情)

ups and downs   (L.2)

2) 面对彼此性格上的长处和不足

   confront the weaknesses and strengths of each other’s character  (L.3)

3) 陷入种族一体

  be involved with the racial issue    (L.6)

4) 种族仇恨更加微妙的表现形式

   the subtler forms of racial hatred    (L.8)

5) ….抱有幻想

   have illusion about…   (L.9)

6) 相互信任和尊重

    mutual trust and respect   (L.10)

7) 忽视严重的性格冲突

   overlook serious personality conflicts   (L.13)

8) 经历了痛苦的离婚

   go through bitter and painful divorce   (L.17)

9) 遇到了一些阻力

   meet with some resistance   (L.21)

10) 对(异教、遗族)通婚持保留意见

   harbor reservations about a mixed marriage    (L.28)

11) 时间会证实我们彼此间的感觉

  Time will confirm what we feel about each other.  (L.40)

12) 等待不会有害

  Waiting won’t hurt.  (L.41)

13) 拖一段时间

   buy time    (L.49)

14) 毫不犹豫地取消计划

  not hesitate to cancel the plans  (L.52)

3. 2 Summary of the text

Summarize the passage using the tips below.

1) decide to get married

  2) despite their racial and cultural difference

  3) understand and respect each other

  4) tolerance, compromise

  5) Gail’s mother…supportive…counsel…

  6) Gail’s father …suspect that…obtain…citizenship

7) quote statistics… illustrate…higher divorce rates

  8) warn…rush into marriage


Suggested answer:

Mark, a Black, and his girlfriend Gail decided to get married after being together for two years. Despite their racial and cultural differences, they learn to know, understand and respect each other. What’s more, the different background also taught then a great deal about tolerance, compromise and being open with each other. However, Gail’s mother, who had all along supportive of their relationship, counseled Gail to be really certain she was doing the right thing. Gail’s father even went so far as to suspect that Mark might be using this marriage to obtain United States citizenship. He quoted statistics and gave examples to illustrate the higher divorce rates and possible problems existing in mixed couples to warn Gail that she was rushing into marriage without thinking carefully about it.



Unit 3  Section B

Rich Meeting His Future Mother-in-law


1. Reading Skill

Recognizing Differences Between Facts and Opinions
Most reading passages contain ideas based on fact and opinion. It is very important to know when we are reading facts and when we are reading a writer’s opinion. The ability to recognize differences between fact and opinion can help us to achieve a deeper level of understanding in our reading.

Facts are statements that tell what really happened or what really is the case. A fact can be proved or disproved with direct evidence. It is something known by actual experience or observing. Look at the following example taken from Reading Passage A:
    Her mother, Deborah, all along had been supportive of our relationship, and even joked about when we were going to get married so she could have grandchildren. (Para. 5, Reading Passage A, Unit 3)
This sentence tells us about a past state of affairs: certainly it is a fact.


Opinions are statements of belief, judgment or feeling. They show what someone thinks or feels about a subject. Some words can serve as clues to statements of some kinds of opinion.

(1) probably, perhaps, usually, often, sometimes, on occasion

(2) I believe, I think, in my opinion, I feel, I suggest


1) I’m sure that time will only confirm what we feel deeply about each other. (Para. 8, Reading Passage A, Unit 3)

2) Maybe our children will have some problems, but whose children don’t?(Para. 18, Reading Passage A, Unit 3)

3) When we met I saw him as my beloved, intelligent, charming, and caring. (Para. 7, Reading Passage A, Unit 3)
 But it is not always easy to tell opinion from fact. A writer often combines the two in such a way that we do not always notice where fact ends and opinion begins. When we have fact and opinion combined in a single statement, we must decide whether the major clause or main point of the sentence is essentially fact or opinion. Sometimes an opinion is presented as if it were a fact:

Look at the following example taken from Reading Passage A:

But one thing they’ll always have: our love and devotion. (Para. 18, Reading Passage A, Unit 3)
 On the surface it is a statement of fact, but actually it is a statement of opinion-- a promise, something yet to be realized in the future.


XIV. Find and look at the following statements from Reading Passage B. Which are facts? Which are opinions? Mark O for opinion or F for fact.

1.After much thought, I came up with a brilliant plan for Rich to meet my mother and win her over. (F)

2. One day, my mother called me, to invite me to a birthday dinner for my father. (F)

3. I knew she would do this, because cooking was how my mother expressed her love, her pride, her power, her proof that she knew more than any one else. (O)

4. Rich was not only not Chinese, he was also my junior, a few years younger than I was. (F)

5. And unfortunately, he looked much younger with his curly red hair, smooth pale skin, and the splash of orange freckles across his nose. (O)

6. In his dark business suits, he looked nice but easily forgettable, like somebody’s nephew at a funeral. (O)

7.I felt compelled to defend on his behalf, a bit too heatedly as I raised my voice above the noise of the kitchen. (O)

8.He had brought a bottle of French wine, something he did not know my parents could not appreciate. (F)

9. But the worst happened when Rich criticized my mother’s cooking, and he didn’t even have a clue about what he had done. (O)

10. As is the Chinese cook’s custom, my mother always made negative remarks about her own cooking. (O)


2. Text Reading


1) came up with (L.1)

I hope you can come up with a better plan than that.(想出,提出)



The airline has come up with a novel solution to the problem of jet lag.

Very few scientists                  completely new answers to the world’s problems.

A. come up with    B. come out    C. come round    D. come up to

Key: A

 2) win over (L.1)

She is against the idea, but I’m sure I can win her over. (争得┅┅支持或恩惠)



The lawyer won over the jury by his moving defense.


  …the country must still convert millions more to the idea of birth contro if it is to reach its population targets. (Unit 2-A, Book II)


3) cubing (L.10)

slicing (L.10)

chopping (L.13)


cube  v. 切成方块


Cube the vegetables.


The beets we had for supper were cubed instead of sliced.

slice v. 切 (片)


I sliced the bread.


Slice the meat instead of cubing it.

chop v. 剁 (成碎末状;砍倒)

Please chop the onion up.请把洋葱剁碎


Most of the diseased trees were chopped down last year.

4) ingredients (L.12)

There is a list of ingredients on the side of the packet. (n. 成分,配料)



Flour and fat are the most important ingredients when making this cake.

5) concerning (L.16)

News concerning a royal wedding is flying about. (prep. about)

If you have any information concerning the recent event at the station, please contact the police.


The government promises it will protect the region's native people, but questions remain as to its true level of commitment. (Unit 2-A, Book II)


Occasionally, usually around their anniversary, they would bring up the old curiosity regarding Aunt Esther Gubbins. (Unit 6-A, Book I)



6) anticipate(L.18

In business, you’ve got to anticipate how your competitors will act. (v. expect 期望;预料)



I anticipate great pleasure from my visit to Paris.

anticipate  + that …/doing

expect + that …/obj. +to do sth./ to do sth.

look forward to + n./ doing

(1) The doctors don’t                    that he will live longer.

(2) He                   ______ having a good time on the weekend.

(3) I didn’t           ____  meeting any objection.

(4) Nobody               __ the strike to succeed.

(5) She              __ to be home after lunch.

1. anticipate   2.looks forward to  3.anticipate   4.expected    5.expects

7) compelled (L.30)

We cannot compel you to do it, but we think you should. v. make sb. do sth.; force


I felt morally compelled to help.


The rain compelled us to stay indoors.


compel & force

这两个词均表示“强迫某人做不愿做的事”,但在语气上,force 较强,compel较弱。

compel的固定搭配为compel sb. to do sth. 意为“强迫某人做某事”。


We cannot compel you to do it, but we think you should.

force 用于表示强迫某人做某事时,其固定搭配为force sb. to do sth.force sb. into doing sth.


The robber force him to hand (into handing )over the money.

8)behalf (L.30)

on behalf of/ on one’s behalf

On behalf of my husband and myself I thank you. (n. interest, side )


Ken is not present, so I shall accept the prize on his behalf.


9) clue (L43)

Police are still looking for clues in their search for the missing girl. n. 线索)


I’m never going to guess the answer if you don’t give me a clue. n. 提示)

10) cue (L49)

The time had come to say good night. At mother’s cue, we all went upstairs.(n. 暗示,信号)



Actors have to learn their cues as well as their own lines.

11) somehow (L53)

We must stop him from seeing her somehow.(ad. in some way; by some means)


I had remembered putting my wallet in my pocket, but somehow I could not find it when I wanted to pay for the goods. .(ad. for a reason that is unknown)


12) hit it off (L57)

Do you hit it off with your husband’s mother? (相处得很好)

I didn’t really hit it off with his friends.



Fortunately Jones and his new employer hit it off from the very beginning.

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