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图表作文指导  

2010-03-17 22:07:19|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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图表作文是常见的大学英语作文类型之一,属于说明文的范畴。图表作文有表格(table)、柱形图(bar chart)、饼状图(pie chart)和折线图(diagram)之分。不管是何种图表题,都要对图表先加以描述,而后引出主题再开始讨论,切忌对图表没有交待,直接谈论主题。图表作文至少包含描述图表与解释原因两个部分,而当前的图表作文大多还有第三个段落。

图表作文布局的基本套路:

第一段:用文字描述该图表中的数字信息。描述数据时首先要看看有几个变量,每个变量有几个数据,并搞清楚这些数据之间的关系,指出图表揭示的表面现象;

第二段:根据图表所提供的信息进行分析,阐述自己的观点和理由,分析图表中的数据变化反映了什么问题,探讨图表表面现象的深层次社会根源。

第三段:对数据的变化进行评论或得出应有的结论或启示。总结全文,根据具体情况,可以发出号召,也可以表示自己的观点。

图表作文常用句型:

描述图表常用的结构

As is shown in the graph…    如图所示

The graph shows that…   图表显示

As can be seen from the table, …   从表格中可以看出………

From the chart, we know that…   从这张表中,我们可知………

All these data clearly prove the fact that… 所有这些数据明显证明这一事实,………

The increase of …. in the city has reached to 20%.这个城市的….增长已达到20%

In 1985, the number remained the same.1985,这个数字保持不变。

There was a gradual decline in 1989.1989,出现了逐渐下降的情况。

表示增加、减少的常用结构

1.The number of X increased/rose (decreased/dropped) dramatically(急剧地) from ... to ...

2. The number of X increased/decreased by Y% between .. and ...

表示倍数的常用结构

1. A is twice / three times/ four times as much / many as ...in .....

表示百分比"数据"的常用句式

1.. ..... accounted for / took up/made up X%.

1Write a passage no less than 120 words based on the given outline and the following table titled with Change in Chinese People’s Diet .

1. State the changes in people’s diet in the past five years;

2. Give possible reasons for the changes;

3. Draw your own conclusions.

         Year

Food

 

1986

 

1987

 

1988

 

1989

 

1990

Grain

49%

47%

46%

45%

45%

Milk

10%

11%

11%

12%

13%

Meat

17%

20%

22.5%

23%

21%

Fruit vegetable

24%

22%

20%

20%

21%

Total

100%

100%

100%

100%

100%

A Sample:

As we can see from the table, great changes have taken place in people’s diet over the period from 1986 to 1990. While more and more high-calorie foods such as milk and meat are consumed by people, the amount of grain consumption, once the main or even the only food for Chinese people, is continuously decreased.

There are several reasons for such changes. Firstly, with the development of our country’s economy, people become wealthier, so they can afford to buy expensive high-energy food. Secondly, nowadays, people believe that certain amount of these high-calorie foods is quite necessary to their health, although it may not necessarily be true. In order to keep their body sound, they should add these foods to their traditional diet.

So, from the above table, we see that people’s living conditions are believed to have been improved a lot, and we can expect for a more scientific and reasonable diet for Chinese people in the future.

2

DirectionsFor this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic People Below Poverty Line.
  1、下图所示为1978年,19851997年中国贫困线以下人口的变化情况,请先描述其 

变化。
       2
、请说明发生这些变化的原因(可从改革开放、高科技在生产中的应用等)
  3、你认为解决目前中国贫困人口还有什么困难或者问题。

 图表作文指导 - everblack339 - everblack339 的博客

  第一段:说明图表
 开篇句:As the bar chart shows, the number of people below the poverty line decreased dramatically during the years of 1978 to 1997.
  扩展句:1As early as 1978, about 250 million people were under the poverty line.
      2Then seven years later, the number became three fifths that of 1978.
      3And arriving in the year 1997, the number was reduced to 50 million.   
   
第二段:解释图表变化原因
     
主题句:Several factors contribute to the sharp decrease of the below-poverty 

population.
  扩展句:1The reform and opening following 1978 enabled the peasants to become

much better off. (原因1)
      2And with the development of Chinese economy, that policy also improved

city dwellers' lives greatly.(原因2)
      3Furthermore, the high-tech introduced made it possible for the country's

economy as a whole to take off. (原因3)
      4All these result in the great fall of the Chinese population below the poverty

line.
 第三段:提出解决办法
  结尾句: However, a further decrease in the number of poverty-stricken people is faced

with some problems.
  扩展句:1With quite few employees being laid off, the effect of which is not only

discouraging, but also challenging.
      2So my principle is to pay due attention to the "newcomers", but not just to

care for the poor, say , in remote mountain areas.
2. Assignment

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: Student Use of Computers. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the chart and the outline given below

1.下图所示为1990年、1995年、2000年某大学生使用计算机的情况,请描述其变化;

2.请说明发生这些变化的原因(可从计算机的用途、价格或社会发展等方面加以说明)

3.你认为目前大学生在计算机使用中存在哪些困难或问题。

图表作文指导 - everblack339 - everblack339 的博客

   A Sample

From the chart we can see clearly that the average number of hours a student spends on the computer per week has increased from less than two hours in 1990 to nearly fours in 1995, and then to 20 hours in 2000.

To my mind, the reasons why computers are more and more widely used are as follows. First, computers can help us accomplish many tasks, including both work and study. With the birth of the Internet, searching for information and connecting friends become just a click-away. Besides, computers are becoming increasingly cheaper—many university students can afford it.

The negative effects of computers are also clear. To begin with, computers may be out of order from time to time, and repairing them can be both expensive and time-consuming. Second, more and more students spend too much time playing electronic games or chatting online, which are both bad habits.

To sum up, I should say the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The key lies in whether we can make good use of it to enhance work and study.

图表作文练习一

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition of no less than 120 words on Income Sources between Chinese and American Students. Study the following table carefully and your composition must be based on the information given in the table.

1. Describe the differences of the income sources between Chinese and American students.

2. Analyze possible reasons for these differences.

3. Predicate future tendency.

 

Source of Income Percentage of Total Income

Parents

 

Part-time job

Fellowship or Scholarship

 

American Students

50%

35%

15%

Chinese Students

90%

5%

5%

 

参考范文

       Income Sources Between Chinese Students and American Students

 

Income sources of Chinese students are quite different from those of American students. In China, students get 90% of their money from their parents while in America, only 50% of students money is provided by parents. In addition, Chinese students earn only 5% of their money from part-time jobs and 5% from fellowship or scholarship while income from these two resources for American students takes up 35% and 15% respectively of their total income.

I think there are probably three reasons for their differences. First, because of the influence of different social and family values, Chinese students have formed the habit of asking for money from their parents while American students have developed more sense of being financially independent. Second, most Chinese parents devote too much care to their children and they would rather save up to afford their childrens education rather than encourage them to take part-time jobs. But in America, many parents pay more attention to developing the students ability of self-reliance, so they encourage their children to find part-time job to earn some money by themselves.

 I believe with the development of China, more and more Chinese students will realize and pay more attention to the necessity of self-dependence. Then more students will go out of the ivory tower to broaden their knowledge and to become the master of their own lives.

 

图表作文练习二

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition of no less than 120 words on Effects of the Country’s Growing Human Population on Its Wildlife

Study the following graph carefully and your composition must be based on the information given in the graph.

1. effect of the country’s growing human population on its wildlife

2. possible reason for the effect

3. your suggestion for wildlife protection

      图表作文指导 - everblack339 - everblack339 的博客

 

参考范文

 

Effects of the Country’s Growing Human Population on Its Wildlife

 

As is seen from the two graphs, the increase in the U.S. population has been accompanied by a corresponding decline in the number of wildlife species. Naturally, we can draw the conclusion that the sharp decline of wildlife species resulted from the population growth.

Several reasons may account for this phenomenon. To begin with, as the human population grows rapidly, a growing number of people came to live where some wild species have been living. Then these species have to move to other places. Some of them probably can not adapt to the new environment and die. Second, with the rapid growth of human population, wild animals in mounting numbers are hunted for food.

To solve this problem calls for, above all, the government’s efforts to control population growth to enhance the laws to forbid wildlife hunting. Moreover, common citizens should be aware of this ecological crisis and take on the responsibility of wildlife protection. Only in this way, can we find a satisfactory solution to this problem.

 

图表作文练习三

Directions: Write a passage on the topic The Reading Population in China. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the chart and outline given below.

1. 描述上图所示我国国民读书情况;

2. 分析读书率变化的原因;

3. 你的看法。

      图表作文指导 - everblack339 - everblack339 的博客

 

 

 

 

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